The Impact Of Accounting Records On Performance Of Business Organizations

THE IMPACT OF ACCOUNTING RECORDS ON PERFORMANCE OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS

 ABSTRACT
The research focuses on the appraisal of the impact of accounting records on the performance of business organization .it projects the types , functions and significance of accounting records and  its impact on the performance of business organization.accountability of business operations is pivotal to determining the efficiency of the organization translated in financial terms in accounting records.business

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgment
Abstract
Table of contents

 

CHAPTER ONE:
INTRODUCTION
1.1   Background of The Study
1.2   Statement of The Problem
1.3   Objective of The Study
1.4   Research Hypotheses
1.5   Significance of The Study
1.6   Scope of The Study
1.7   Limitation of The Study
1.8   Definition of Terms
1.9   reference

 

CHAPTER TWO:
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1   Overview of the financial Accounting System
2.2   Financial Accounting Records
2.3   The Subsidiary Books the General Journal (proper)
2.4   Source Document
2.5   The Ledgers
2.6   Classification of Accounts
2.7   The Trial Balance
2.8   The Trading Profit and Loss Account
2.9   The Balance Sheet
2.10  Principles and Assumption Underlying Financial Standards
2.11  Accounting Standards
2.12  Controversial Issue in Financial Accounting Reporting
2.13  Cross Sectional Analysis of Selected Companies in Enugu State
2.14  Brief History of the Companies
References

 

CHAPTER THREE:
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1   Research Design
3.2   Sources of Data
3.3   Method of Data Collection
3.4   Determination of Population Size
3.5   Determination of Sample Size
3.6   Method of Administration and Questionnaire
3.7   Method of Date Analysis
3.8   Decision Rule
Reference

CHAPTER FOUR:
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1  Date Presentation
4.2  Data Analysis
4.3  Hypothesis Testing

CHAPTER FIVE:
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1  Summary of Findings
5.2  Conclusion
5.3  Recommendation
Bibliography
Appendices

 

CHAPTER   ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The impact of Financial Accounting Reporting on the corporate performance of Business Organizations”, basically aims at ascertaining how financial accounting reporting has helped in advancing the objectives of corporate organizations. In the process, it investigated the effect that financial accounting bear on the performance of a business. Furthermore, it sought to ascertain the compliance of relevant statues by corporate organizations and the overall satisfaction of stakeholders in corporate organizations.   Problems inherent in financial reporting ranges from non-disclosure of vital information, subjective judgments of financial information and most times non-compliance to relevant statues. There were recommendations given such as strict compliance to the relevant statute.  The government needs to strengthen its regulatory agencies in order to ensure that the financial statements show a “true and fair view and comply with the relevant statues at all times. The research shall therefore seek to determine the  impact of accounting records on the performance of Business organization.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The basis of this research lies with the deficiencies in the preparation and presentation of accounting records ranging from non disclosure of vital and sufficient financial information to non compliance to standard accounting regulatory framework. The consequence is that it is difficult to determine the true and fair view of the financial position of the organization and the corporate performance of the organization. It is in this perspective that the research intends to investigate the impact of accounting records on the performance of business organization. with a case study of Nigerian bottling company plc.

 

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What constitute the nature of accounting records
  2. What are the standard and relevant information of an accounting record
  3. What are the types of accounting records
  4. What are the impacts of accounting records on the performance of business organization
  5. What are the impact of accounting records on the performance of Nigerian bottling company

 

1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

  1. To determine the nature of accounting records
  2. To determine the standard and relevance of accounting information
  3. To appraise the impact of accounting records on the performance of business organization
  4. To determine the impact of accounting records on the performance of Nigerian bottling company plc

1.5. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study shall provide an analysis of the nature of accounting records of business organization

The study shall provide standard accounting regulatory framework

The study shall provide the needed information on the impact of accounting record on the performance of business organization

The study shall serve a reference point for managers, accountants and financial analyst.

 

1.6. STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

  1. Ho: The level of accounting information in NBC  is low

2 Ho:  The standard of accounting records in NBC   is low

Hi:   The standard of accounting records in  NBC is  high

3 Ho:   The impact of accounting records in NBC is low

Hi: The impact of accounting records in NBC is high

 

1.7. SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study focuses on the appraisal of the role and impact of accounting records on the performance of business organization.it elucidate the nature and accounting regulatory framework  of accounting records and provides a case analysis of the impact of accounting records on the performance of Nigerian bottling company plc.

 

1.8. DEFINITION OF TERMS

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING RECORDS

The starting point for the financial accounting is the recording and analysis of transactions. A definite step is followed in the traditional accounting approach, the steps in the processing and generating of output of the accounting system are:

i. Identification and analysis of relevant transaction in the journal.

ii. Making entries of the transactions in the journal.

iii. Posting from the journal to the ledger.

iv. Preparation of trial balance.

v. Determining and recording of the adjusted entries in the journal and the ledger.

vi. Preparation of the adjusted trial balance.

vii. Preparation of the final accounts and statement which are the profit and loss account and the balance sheet.

 

REFERENCES

Beck T, Demirgu¨c¸-Kunt A, Laeven L, Levine R. (2005). Finance, firm size and growth. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3485.

Bell, J. (1993). Doing your research project: a guide for first-time researchers in education and social science, Open University press

Bowen, M., Morara, M., Mureithi, S. (2009). Management of business challenges among smalland micro enterprises in Nairobi Kenya. KCA Journal of Business Management Vol.2,Issue 1.

Butler, A. (2009). Importance of Bookkeeping in Business. Darby: Butler and Company

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design: quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Methods approach 2nd Ed. Sage Publications Inc. California.

Common Wealth of Austraria, (2010). Bookkeeping for Small Business: Guide for Small Business Operators.  www.qto.gov.au

Cook P, Nixson F. (2005). Finance and small and medium-sized enterprise development. Finance and Development: Surveys of Theory, Evidence and Policy, Green CJ, Kirkpatrick CH, Murinde V (eds). Edward Elgar: Cheltenham

 

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