THE ADVENT OF MODERN COMMUNICATION GADGETS: IMPLICATIONS FOR NIGERIAN JOURNALISM
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The advent of modern communication gadget –implication for Nigerian Journalism. The tittle of this study took a vivid look at the coming of communication gadget, more powerful than the ancient ones to take care of adequate communication outreach to the whole world.
It treats in succession the introduction of communication among the earlymen, the need for and the introduction of ancient communication gadgets, gradual innovations of the old and the invention of better communication gadgets and the proliferation of the gadgets into what is today know as the global village of communication.
Five chapters were used to achieve our win on this topic.
Chapter one: introduce the topic in forms of background to the study, significance of the study, objectives, definitions of terms and references.
Chapter two- deals with review of related literatures and comments.
Chapter three – in accomplishing this task, we adopted the historical methodology in our research using investigative approach.
Chapter four- analysis of the data collected in chapter three.
Chapter five- we made conclusions and recommendations based on the topic we have studied.
It is our belief that this research is an additional material or knowledge in this area of human endeavour.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW
SCOPE AND LIMITATION
DEFINITION OF TERMS
PRELUDE TO INVENTION OF MODERN COMMUNICATION GADGETS
THE PRINT MEDIA –PENMAN TO PRINTER
TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE
THE PHONOGRAPH MODERN TAPE RECORDERS
HUMAN COMMUNICATION GADGETS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
communication is so central to human existence and all human activities that it would be fool hardy for any group or nation to put it in the background in its economic, political, social and other activities infact, we are bold to say that communication is the most vital factor in building an organized, united and progressive nation; the without it, there will be no national entity and no effective solution to national problems and national development. All these can be confidently said because of the obvious fact that all human activities take place in cross-five of information flow and communication, whether in inter-personal, group, local, state national or international level.
Man was created to be gregarious and because of these qualities, they have always had to fall back on one another in interaction recognized as human communication.
This refers to the process of transmitting message, idea and attitudes and creating meanings between two and more people usually through the natural facilities of the human voices, sensory organ,s facial expressions, body manipulations and lately machine-assisted channels or devices. Even now, the import and importance of communication in our modern and sophisticated society cannot be over emphasized.
The awareness for these necessities introduced mass communication into the world. It is a process by which a complex organization with the aid of one or more machine produce and transmit message directed at large, nitrogenous, diversified and scattered audience. It is also the act of communicating to mass audience through the use of mass media such as books, newspapers, magazines, films, radio, television and computers to mention but fees, that the field of journalism in Nigeria have used as a medium to get information across the audience. Communication had been in existence all the while but it was never a kind of mass involvement because the world them lacked advanced equipments or gadgets that could carry these messages and information to many people at the same time (mass effect). The great innovations of communication gadgets from early 30’s to date has changed communication from primitive kind to modern (mass) kind.
Mass communication gadgets is as old as mass communication itself because the nation of getting people involved in communication in mass would have remained in the background if the gadgets were not modern minced or advanced technological. Mass communication started with Johannes Gutenberg invention of the printing press.
This invention led to proliferation of the print materials such as books, newspapers and magazines, through these media more people were reached as it concerns communication. The electronics media communication came on the scene with the invention of such gadgets as radio and television.
1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Due to the valuable and irretrievable use of the mass media and communication devices in all departments of life, one cannot over emphasis the significance of this study. Being a kind of historical study, it would lead to the integrated narration or description of past events or facts concerning all technological devices fashioned to aid communication.
This study is a contribution to already existing work on the course (advent of modern communication gadgets, and its implications for Nigerian Journalism. Every researcher who is likely to embark on any kind of research on this course would find this study very useful. This study would also be useful to communication students – it would explain adequately the advent growth and modernization of communication gadgets.
Generally the study can be assimilated by all lovers of history with scientific mind of discovery and understanding situations, cases and implications. At the end of this study; the background growth and modifications of the modern communication gadgets would be carefully treated.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The past findings on this issue by various groups have given us greater misprision and has called to challenge our curious minds. We have therefore taken up the challenge to share in the glory contributing towards thronging more light on the advent of modern communication gadgets with the following objectives.
1. To gain a clear understanding and accurate accounts of the past as it concern communication gadgets.
2. To gain clearer perspective of the present as it concern communication gadgets.
3. To be able to give adequate companism between the abetment mean of communication (gadgets) and the modern ones.
4. The implication of modern communication gadgets for Nigerian journalism.