An Investigative Study On The Availability And Use Of Teachig Aids In Teaching Mathematics In Primary Schools

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Teaching Aids


The study focus on an investigative study on the availability and use of teaching aids in teaching mathematics in primary schools. However in all the states in Nigeria including Edo State, teaching and learning of mathematics have not been without problem. For some time now, there has been public outcry over the poor state availability and use of teaching and learning generally and mathematics to be specific. This reflected in the poor achievement especially in mathematics in primary school. The yearly result in the ordinary level examination in mathematics obviously indicated low numbers of credit passes. The motivation of this study aroused when considering all these. The study sought to explain the investigative study on the availability and use of teaching aids in teaching mathematics in primary schools. The poor performance of students in mathematics in primary school has generated a lot of heat on the educational system. It was in consideration of this issue that the motivation of this study aroused. The study focused on the problems of teaching and learning mathematics is mostly associated with the teachers under qualification and in-experience in mathematics. However, the researcher recommended that the government and school authorities should employ more qualified mathematics teachers and organize seminars, workshops or conferences and in-service training to upgrade the practicing ones. The official of government agency in charge of primary school education should faithfully implement the budget to reflect the purpose of the budgeting in our school system.



CHAPTER ONE                              

Background to the study

Statement of the problem

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

Scope of the study

Limitation of the study

Research Questions

Definitions of Operational Terms

CHAPTER TWO                              

Review of Related Literature


Areas of problems of teaching and learning of mathematics

Reasons why students struggle with mathematics

How to curb problems of teaching and learning mathematics

Summary on reviewed studies

CHAPTER THREE                                              

Research Design

Population of the Study

Sample and Sampling Techniques


Administration and Collection of Data

Validity and Reliability of the instrument

Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR                                                

Data Analysis

CHAPTER FIVE                                        







1.1 Background of the study

It is widely believed that mathematics is very important to the economic, scientific and political development of any nation. It is because of this common phenomenon that made every nation in the world to make mathematics a compulsory subject in every aspect of educational system.

The principles of mathematics are generally understood at an early age. When missed, it give birth to anxiety which includes a feelings of tension, apprehension or fear that interferes with mathematics performance. Mathematics anxiety is a phenomenon that cuts across some students in primary school because they tend to miss its principles.

Umionyang (1997), referred to mathematics as the foundation for science without which a nation can never be prosperous and economically independent. He further noted that competence in mathematics provides many of the opportunity for personnel required by industry, science, technology and education. Considering the contributions of mathematics to the contemporary world, one would have expected mounting interest on it as a discipline that is truly the language of science and technology but the reverse seems to be the case.

From a personal study carried out, there is poor performance in mathematics examinations. It is ironical that in our pre-science and technologically-oriented world, the youths who would have taken charge of global affairs in the future; the running of industries and the means of production, research laboratories, space technology and international politics are shying away from the very subject that should have adequately prepare them for such roles. The student’s flight in the primary school is very alarming.

We are cognizant of the historical facts that the old indigenous cultures were pacesetters in mathematics and subsequently, made notable scientific discoveries. In Nigeria and Edo State in particular, the students performance in mathematics in primary school has continuously reflected poor performance over the years and this perhaps, could be attributed to the various investigation associated with the availability and the use of teaching aids  and in teaching mathematics in primary school.

According to Uwadiae (2009) quoted in punch newspaper, 2009 that seventy seven percent (77%) of the candidates who sat for 2008 common entrance failed to get credit in mathematics. In view of this National challenge, this study sought to find out what could have influenced the problem, since mathematics was introduced into the syllabus with proper study, so many problems have been confronting effective availability and the use of  teaching aids in teaching and learning of mathematics like:

  1. The attitude of students towards the learning of mathematics.
  2. Unqualified teachers or using non- mathematics specialists to teach the subject in some Nigeria schools.
  3. Lack of availability of learning facilities e.g. mathematics laboratories in school.
  4. Lack of appropriate method of teaching mathematics.
  5. Overcrowding of mathematics syllabus.

The availability and the use of teaching aids in teaching mathematics is seen from the lukewarm attitudes of some mathematics teachers and their ineffectiveness in mathematics education. Lack of student-teacher relationship has also been seen in the environment in which teaching and learning is conducted.

Teaching and learning of mathematics in primary school is very essential, no doubt because, it is regarded as a yardstick in the development of any nation.

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