The Effect Of Formal Education On The Nigerian Women’s Attitude Towards Family Planning: Implications For Counselling

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  THE EFFECT OF FORMAL EDUCATION ON THE NIGERIAN WOMEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING

Formal Education

Abstract

This study investigated the extent of family planning, the methods and contraceptive devices in use and the influence of education on family planning among couples in Nkanu Local Government Area of Enugu State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population comprises all the married couples in this area. A sample size of six hundred married people was selected for this study. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument which was validated by three experts in relevant areas has two parts. Part A elicited the respondents’ bio-data while part B consisted of 12 items to elicit information to answer the research questions. The items were structured on a four point scale. In the selected area, the instrument was administered personally by the researchers to the literate respondents while the illiterates were interviewed using the items in the questionnaire. Percentages were used to answer research questions 2 and 3 while real limit of numbers was used to answer research question 1. The result shows that family planning practice among couples in Nkanu Local Government Area of Enugu State is high; the contraceptive methods used were mainly traditional. Educational status has positive influence on family planning in the area. It was recommended that the rural areas should be enlightened on the efficiency of the modern family planning methods.Formal Education

. Introduction

Population growth has been a problematic issue all over the world consequently; many developed countries have approved and resorted to birth control or family planning. Family planning according to United Nations Population Funds Activities (UNPFA 2001) is a recognized basic human right and enables individuals and couples to determine the number and spacing of their children. The World Health Organization (WHO, 2013) stated that family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births.Formal Education

This is achieved through use of contraceptive methods. A woman’s ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and well-being as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy. In effect, family planning is the regulation and control of the rate of child birth by individuals, both married and unmarried. In developing nations like Nigeria, children are valued as they not only demonstrate the masculinity of the men but equally provide the extra useful hands in communities where agriculture is the major source of income. Besides, aged parents and extended family relations depend on their children for maintenance at old age. Hence, they are reluctant to limit birth.Formal Education

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