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Study Habits And Academic Achievement Among The Students Nigerian University

STUDY HABITS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG THE STUDENTS NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page
Certification                                                                                                i 
Dedication                                                                                        ii
Acknowledgement                                                                            iii
Abstract                                                                                           iv
Chapter One: 
1.0        Introduction                                                                        1
1.1        Background Information                                                     1
1.2        Problem Statement                                                              6
1.3         Research Objectives                                                             7
1.4       Hypothesis                                                                          8
1.5        Significance of the Study                                                     9
1.6        Scope of the Study                                                             10
Chapter Two: 
2.0        Literature Review

Chapter Three: 
3.0     Research Methodology                                         30
3.1     Description of the Study Area                             30
3.2    Research Design                                                            30
3.3  Method of Data Collection                                            31
3.4  Data Limitation                                                             31
3.5  Method of Data Analysis                                               32
3.5.1                   Summative Approaches                                       32
3.5.2         Simple Percentage                                                33
3.5.3         Incremental Averages                                           34

3.6            Test of Hypothesis                                               34
Chapter Four
4.0 Presentation of Data, Analysis of Data and Discussion of Findings                                              36
4.1  Data Presentation                                                          37
4.2  Data Analysis                                                                39
4.3  Discussion of Findings                                         41
4.4   Test of Hypothesis                                                         45
Chapter Five: 
5.0  Summary    of      Findings Conclusion and
Recommendation                                              47
5.1  Summary of Findings                                                     47
5.2  Conclusion                                                          48
5.3  Recommendation                                                 48
References

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

In the field of education & psychology, learning has been discovered all over the world to be a highly complex problem. Several researchers have tried to explain it differently and the description of each is partially true. Over the years, researches on factors that influence academic performance of students have attracted the interest of not only researchers but concern of teachers, counselors, psychologists, and school administrators as well. Study method is the knowledge and application of effective study skills or techniques by students. The term study habit refers to the way in which students’ study either systematically, efficiently or inefficiently. In line with what has been said above, we can deduce that good study habit will definitely yield positive academic performances and achievement and also inefficient or poor study habit leads to academic failure. Students’ attitude and study habit towards any subject has been described as a function of passion coupled with their belief on that particular which has a long way to go on their academic performances.

Students Nigerian University
In Nigeria, many factors have been highlighted to influence the ability of students to cultivate effective and efficient study habit. Such factors include; state of health, motivation, anxiety and state of mind, conducive and suitable environment for studying, availability of textbooks and well equipped libraries. In a research carried out by (Nuthana & Yenagi, 2009) the causes of poor academic performance among Nigeria students were thoroughly examined. In which some of these factors identified include; low student’s intellectual ability, achievement motivation, lack of goals, low self-esteem, low socio-economic status of the family, poverty and poor study habit as a major factor.
A survey was carried out in some selected schools in Nigeria to identify some major causes of low academic performances in students. Some of the problems identified include inadequate teachers, problem of inadequate facilities in the school, problems caused by poor parental background, unfavorable government policies and low educational sector funding (Ajila and Olutola 2007). Likewise, Ichado (1998) also dispute environment from which the student comes from play a major role in influencing study habits which invariably affect academic performance. The concept of study habit is broad as it combines nearly all other sub-topics under it such as study attitude, study method, and study skill. In a research conducted by Allport (1960), it was argued that attitude toward study by drafting a good study pattern can greatly contribute to students’ academic performance. Successful learners all over the world are said to have adopted positive attitude towards study and are time conscious over what they have to do.
According to Hussain (2000) study habit refers to predispositions which students have developed towards private readings through a period of time. According to him, study habit is a gateway to successful achievement in studies.
A research was carried out by Morahan (1999), he found out that male and female have different ways of studying (study habit). In this study, he discovered that the male student took up courses that have more of logic and sciences while female student were attracted to simpler courses and such it is in line with their passion which require different study habit and might have a positive effect on academic performance of students. Positive academic performance and achievement depends upon the student’s ability to schedule his time, the plan of his study, the habit of concentration, note –taking, mental review, over learning, the judicious application of whole and part method massed and distributed learning and so on. In other words, positive academic performance is a function of proper study habits and skills. Since study habits are an important factor in learning, it becomes necessary to investigate into its nature.

Students Nigerian University

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The problems associated with study habits might have a major effect on a student’s academic performances, it is believed that everyone has a different study habit and it is important to find out the best personal way to study. Studying with friends has a long way to go in student’s study habits, it has a positive influence in which they discuss what have been read together but also has a negative effect in which they might not read but discuss throughout the stipulated time for reading which boils down to time wastage.

Students Nigerian University
A very good and conducive environment encourages students study habit and might have positive impact of their academic achievements but students reading in an unfavorable environment might find it difficult to study which might affect their academic achievements. Students with financial constraints might also find it difficult to perform excellently well in their academics

OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study:

To examine the correlation between study habit and academic performance
To examine the effect of study environment on study habit
To determine factors affecting students’ study habit and academic performance
RESEARCH QUESTIONS

What is the correlation between study habit and academic performance?
What is the effect of study environment on study habit?
What are the factors affecting students’ study habit and academic performance?
HYPOTHESIS
Hypothesis 1
HO: There is no significant relationship between study habit and academic performance
HA: There is significant relationship between study habits and academic performance
Hypothesis 2
HO: There is no significant relationship between study environment and students’ academic performance
HA: There is significant relationship between study environment and students’ academic performance

SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The following are the significance of this study:

The outcome of this study will help students in understanding the effect on study habit and study environment on their academic performance and helps in serving as a guide for a positive result.
This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.
SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
This study on the impact of study habit on academic performance of students will cover various approaches to study and its effect on the academic performance of students.

Students Nigerian University
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

Students Nigerian University

DEFINITION OF TERMS
Study: application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation or reflection
Habit: an acquired behavior pattern regularly followed until it has become almost involuntary.

Students Nigerian University
Performance: the accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost and speed
Students: a person formally engaged in learning, especially one enrolled in a school or college

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