GOVERNMENT AND THE MANAGEMENT OF SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA

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GOVERNMENT AND THE MANAGEMENT OF SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA

SECURITY CHALLENGES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER
Title Page – – i
Declaration – – ii
Certification – – iii
Dedication – – iv
Acknowledgements – – v
Abstract – – vi
Table of Contents – – vii
List of Tables – – viii
List of Pictures (Plates) – – xvi
List of Diagrams – – xv
List of Appendices – – xiv
List of Abbreviations – – xvii

INTRODUCTION: – – 1
Background of the Study. – – 1
Statement of the Research Problem. 5
Objectives of the Study. – – 15
Main Objective. – – 15
Subsidiary Objectives. – – 16
Hypotheses. – – 16
Significance of the Study. – 16
Scope and Limitations of the Study. – 20
Definition of Terms. – – 21
Background to the Centralization of Security System in Nigeria. 23
1.8.1 The Negative Effects of Centralized Security System in Nigeria. 27

Objectives and Principles of Security. – 29

2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK.

2.1 Literature Review (Introduction) – 34

2.2 General Literature on State Security Management Mandate. – 34

Comparative Literature on Systems of Government and Countries with Oil-Related Security Challenges. – 68
Unitary or Centralist System of Government – Iran. 68

Federalist or Democratic System of Government – Nigeria. 72

Countries with Crude Oil-related Security Problem- Venezuela and Angola. – 75

Venezuela and Oil-Related Security Challenges. – 76

Angola and Oil-Related Security Challenges. – 84

Nigeria and Oil-Related Security Challenges. – 87

Comparative Discussion. – 89

Case Study Literature Focusing on Crude Oil Discovery and Exploitation as a Major Source of Insecurity in Akwa Ibom.- 92

2.5 Configurative Literature Focusing on the State Security Structures. – 103
2.5.1 The State Security Service (SSS). – 106

2.5.2 The Nigerian Police Force (NPF). – 109
2.6 Ideological Literature on the Central Ideas of Philosophers,
Experts and Scholars of Security. – 111

Summary of the Reviewed Literatures. – 113

Theoretical Framework. – 122

Structural-Functionalist Approach. – 122

Levels 1, 2, 3 of Security Model. – 124

Harmonization of Theories. – 126

2.8.4 Role Expectation of Citizens. – 132
2.9 Historical Background and Objectives of Security. – 135

3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Methodology. – 139

Research Design. – 140

Population of the Study. – 144

Research Area. – 145

Sources of Data Collection. – 145

Sample and Sampling Techniques. – 146

Research Instrument and Administration. – 146

Validity and Reliability of Test Instrument. – 147

Method of Data Analysis. – 147

4.0 DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS:
4.1 Introduction. – 148
4.2 Data presentation and Interpretation – 150
4.3 Testing of Hypotheses. – 150
4.3.1 Hypothesis I – 150
4.3.2 Evaluation of Hypothesis Qualitatively. – 152
4.3.3 Evaluation of Hypothesis I – 153
4.3.4 Hypothesis II – 163
4.3.5 Evaluation of Hypothesis II – 164
4.3.6 Hypothesis III – 174
4.3.7 Evaluation of Hypothesis III – 176
4.3.8 Hypothesis IV – 181
4.3.9 Evaluation of Hypothesis IV – 183
4.3.10 Discussion of Findings. – 205

5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS:
5.1 Summary. – 212
5.2 Conclusions. – 218
5.3 Recommendations. – 220

BIBLIOGRAPHY – 229
JOURNALS – 239
NEWSPAPERS – 241
HOLY BIBLE – 243
APPENDIX 1 – 244
APPENDIX 2 – 245
APPENDIX 3 – 249
APPENDIX 4 – 252
APPENDIX 5 – 256
APPENDIX 6 – 258
APPENDIX 7 – 260
APPENDIX 8 – 262

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