TYPES OF STERILIZATION
In the medical and pharmaceutical industries, sterilization is needed on an everyday basis in order to promote health and eliminate the risk of contamination. There are a number of different types of sterilization, and all require that the temperature, gases, humidity, and pressure levels used are accurately monitored to ensure validity and effectiveness. These types of sterilization include:
Steam – Steam sterilization, which was invented in 1880, is primarily used for glassware, surgical instruments, and medical waste.
EtO/EO – This method uses Ethylene Oxide gas to sterilize items that cannot withstand the high temperatures or humidity created using other methods. This is commonly used for electric components, plastics, and cardboard.
Depyrogenation/Dry Heat – Dry heat sterilization is used on products that may be degraded when exposed to steam or moisture, but which can withstand high temperatures. Metal instruments, needles, and petroleum products are often sterilized this way. All of these types have their advantages and disadvantages, but all are equal in their importance to the success of a medical facility.