IMPLEMENTATION OF STUDENT PERSONNEL SERVICES IN FEDERAL AND STATE COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA.
The primary aim of this research was to investigate the implementation of student personnel services in federal and state colleges of education in south –easternNigeria.
Student personnel services are regarded very important as they aid in the all round development of the students, thus, enabling them to achieve their objectives and those of their institutions. Student personnel services embrace all those services to students that supplement regular instruction. As part and parcel of school administration, it is seen as a critical function to the effective operation of any school. This informed the present study on implementation of student personnel services in federal and state colleges of education in south-east Nigeria.
The purpose was to ascertain the extent of implementation of these student services in federal and state colleges of education in south-east Nigeria. Four research questions and four null hypotheses were formulated for the study.
A 51 – items questionnaire was developed and administered to 770 respondents, comprising of 330 staff and students of federal and 440 staff and students of state colleges of education. A non-proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used to sample 10 senior staff of student affairs department and 100 final year students from each of the seven federal and state colleges of education in the geopolitical zone. Mean score was used to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was employed in testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.
The study revealed that the student personnel services studied was available, but
inadequate and are of poor quality. Constraints to the effective implementation
include: poor funding of education sector, poor maintenance culture, inadequate attention to communication between students and management, careless use of facilities by students, mismanagement of funds by college authorities, poorly executed projects, among others. There are measures to be adopted for improvement, they include: the government giving special grants to colleges for hostels, involving the private sector in the provision of student personnel services, school authority completing all abandoned projects, students admission being guided by existing student personnel services, financial assistance to students, supervision of students affairs personnel more effectively etc.
Based on the findings, the educational implications were drawn and the following recommendations, among others, were made. School authority should organize seminars, orientations and talks on how to manage the student personnel services. Funds should be judiciously used by the college administration. Private sector should be encouraged to assist in the provision of these services. The education sector should be adequately funded and admission exercises should be guided by the available student personnel service.
Background to the Study
The teaching and research functions of higher educational institutions play a
very important role in national development, especially in the development of
high-level manpower. However, in most cases, the societal expectations in terms of goals are hardly met and part of the explanation is linked to the absence of
adequate and conducive environment for effective learning. To achieve this
objective, adequate provision of certain services to students should be fostered for effective teaching and learning process. Among these are the student-personnel services.
Student personnel services in this context, refers to all the non-academic services rendered to the students at the schools setting outside the formal classroom instruction, for the purpose of healthy, physical, emotional, social and moral development as part of their preparation for a responsible and productive adult life. These services are complementary to the academic programme in making a holistic and balanced education of the students.
While the task of intellectual and skill development can be accomplished through curriculum planning and implementation, the task of developing responsible attitudes and morals can only be achieved through the provision and administration of student personnel services.
Although student personnel services has received very little attention in
professional literature and social administration, Duffy in Ejionume (2010)