Relationship Between Self Efficacy And Feeling Of Reduced Personal Accomplishment Among Female Teachers

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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF EFFICACY AND FEELING OF REDUCED PERSONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT AMONG FEMALE TEACHERS

Abstract:
This study investigated the relationship between self-efficacy and feeling of reduced persona accomplishment among female teachers in South Eastern Nigeria (Abakpa
Girls Secondary School). A total of 50 participants comprising of 25 young and 25 old female teachers of Abakpa Girls Secondary School, were used, for the study. The participants
who were randomly selected using simple random sampling of which case were within the age range of 25 -35 years and above with mean age of 18.8 years and standard deviation of 7.8 years.
Two instruments namely; Self – efficacy Scale ,ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree, developed by Barumert (2008) and questionnaire measuring the feeling of reduced personal accomplishment among female teachers, ranging from a few times a year to every day,developed by Bakker (2004) were used in the study. Correlational design was used, pearson product moment correlation co – efficient as statistical test revealed a positive relationship between self efficiency and feeling of reduced personal accomplishment of (48) = 0.79 at P< .05

Objective: Self-efficacy beliefs determine how people feel, think, motivate themselves and behave. Regarding to similar findings it is supposed that concept of self efficacy has a general role on mental health. The present study focused on examining the relationships between self-efficacy and symptoms of depression, anxiety, worry and social avoidance in a large sample of normal students (n=549).

Methods: The sample included of 266 female and 283 male high school students from schools of distinct areas 6, 8 and 9 (Tehran, Iran). The schools were chosen randomly. Participants completed the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children and Social Avoidance & Distress Scale and also the scales measuring trait anxiety, depression, worry and social avoidance. Stepwise regression analyses were used as methods of analysis.

Results: Main results distinguished that there is a significant and negative relationship between total self-efficacy, physical self-efficacy and academic self-efficacy and depression. Also significant and negative relationships were found between total self-efficacy, physical self-efficacy and emotional self-efficacy and anxiety. Emotional self-efficacy and physical self-efficacy had significantly a negative relationship to worry. On the other hand, social self-efficacy and physical self-efficacy were significantly and negatively related to social avoidance

Conclusion: According to what is discussed the various aspects of mental health is influenced by the sense of self efficacy appraisal. So low self efficacy usually increases some problems such as emotional and social problems which involves in mental health.

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