Design Of Plant For The Production Of 72000 Tonnes/ Year Of 2- Ethylhexanol From Propylene And Synthesis Gas

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Research Project Material on

Design Of Plant For The Production Of 72000 Tonnes/ Year Of 2- Ethylhexanol From Propylene And Synthesis Gas

Introduction:

2-Ethylhexanol (2-EH) is a clear, colourless liquid with a characteristic odour, which has been described as sweet and floral (Genium, 1999; WHO, 1993) and as intense andunpleasant (HSDB, 2004; Verschueren, 2001). This compound occurs naturally in food(e.g., corn, olive oil, tobacco, tea, rice, apricots, plums, apples, nectarines, tamarind grapes,and blueberries) and is also used as a flavor additive in foods (WHO, 1993). In theatmosphere, 2-ethylhexanol occurs as a vapor. This compound is combustible and willreact violently with oxidizing materials and strong acids. 2-Ethylhexanol is soluble inorganic solvents but only moderately soluble in water.The chemical formula, structure, registry numbers, synonyms and trade names for 2-ethylhexanol are provided in Table 1 (NIST, 2003). The branching in 2-ethylhexanol inhibits its crystallization due to packing disruption; this results in a very low freezing point. Esters of 2-ethylhexanol are similarly effected and it therefore finds application as a feedstock in the production of plasticizers and lubricants, where its presence helps reduce viscosity and lower freezing points. Almost all 2-ethylhexanol manufactured is used as a precursor for the synthesis of the diester bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a plasticizer. Because it is a fatty alcohol, its esters tend to have emollient properties. It is also commonly used as a low volatility solvent. 2-Ethylhexanol can also be used as an octane booster when reacted with nitric acid.

Title Page

Certification/Declaration

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of content

Chapter 1

Introduction

1:1 Introduction

1:2 Background of the Study

1:3 Statements of Problems

1:4 Objectives of the Study

1:5 Research Question

1:6 Study of the Hypothesis

1:7 Significance of the Study

1:8 Justification of the Study

1:9 Scope of the Study

1:10 Definition of Terms

Chapter 2

Literature Review

2:0 Introduction

2:1 Conceptual Clarification

2:2 Theoretical Framework

2:3 Literatures on the Subject Matter

Chapter 3

Research Methodology

3:0 Area of Study

3:1 Source of Data

3:2 Sampling Techniques

3:3 Method Data Collection

3:4 Method of Data Analysis

3:5 Reliability of Instrument

3:6 Validity of Instrument

3:7 Limitations of the Study

Chapter 4

Data Analysis

4:0 Introduction

4:1 Finding of the Study

4:2 Discussion of the Study

4:3 Summary

Chapter 5

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5:0 Summary of Findings

5:1 Conclusion

5:2 Recommendations

5:3 Proposal for Further Studies

 

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