Design And Implementation Of A Computerised Hospital Management System

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GENERAL DESCRIPTION

File size:N/A

Programming Language: PHP (For Other Programming Languages Click Here)

Programming Environment: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8

Software Requirement: Wamp Server

ABSTRACT

The research work “design and implementation of an hospital management system” includes registration of patients, storing their details into the system, and alsocomputerized billing in the pharmacy, and labs. Our system has the facility to give uniqueid for every patient and store the details of every patient and the staff automatically. Thiswork was done as a result to solve the problems usually encountered in the hospitals.The Hospital Management System was achieved using two programmingenvironment: PHP and MYSQL, with php as front-end and mysql as the backend database.The system can be entered using a username and password. It is accessible either by anadministrator or hospital staffs. The interface is very user-friendly.protected for personal use and the data processing is very fast.

The data are well

SAMPLE TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title Page

Certification

Declaration

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures

Abstract

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • General Introduction
  • Introduction (for chapter one)
  • Problem Definition
  • Objective of Study
  • Research Justification
  • Research Methodology
  • Scope and Limitation of Study
  • Definition of Terms
  • Chapter Layout

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW AND STATE-OF-THE-ART

  • Introduction
  • Brief History of Study Area
  • Review of relevant literature and state-of-the-arts
  • Proposed Contribution

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM DESIGN METHODOLOGY

 

  • Introduction
  • System Requirements Specification
  • System Design (OO or Structured – must be explained)
    • Logical Design
    • Input Design (where applicable)
    • Output Design (where applicable)
    • Menu Design (where applicable)
    • Use Case Diagram
    • Activity Diagram
    • Class Diagram
  • Physical Design
    • Program Specification
    • Layout of Files Design (where applicable)
    • System Controls (e.g. security, input, output)
    • Structure of Database Design (where applicable)

 

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION

 

  • Introduction
  • Features and Choice of Implementation Language
  • System Testing Strategies
    • Unit Test
    • Integration Test
    • Alpha Test (where applicable)
    • Beta Test (where applicable)
  • Target Computer System Requirements
  • Software Maintenance Issues
    • Corrective Maintenance
    • Preventive Maintenance
    • Adaptive Maintenance

CHAPTER FIVE

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

 

  • Introduction
  • Application of the Software to the Problem Domain
  • Recommendations
  • Conclusion

 

REFERENCES

APPENDICES

Appendix A:         (any attachments where applicable)

Appendix B:          Source Code Listing

Appendix C:         Sample Output

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1.0   GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Healthcare establishments like hospitals, rehabilitation centers, health-saloons etc. are seen as figures of hope by the sick and diseased. Just like other organizations, medical establishments are also well-organized, following rigid and complex processes. These establishments require efficient and strong manpower for proper management of their processes. Their main objective is to offer quality healthcare to patients in a proper and cost-effective way. In recent years, there has been noticed a rapid growth in the health sector in the country, which in turn has created a need to build an application that will address most of the issues address in this research work. This research work will be of paramount importance to the medical sector as it will be design to address most of the challenges that delay some of the administrative work.

Hospital software easily automates the whole process of collating; retrieving and gathering patient information and as a consequence it results in improved response time towards the patient’s demands. Doctors and other senior staff of the hospital would be capable of spending their precious time in other clinical activities over simple clerical activities. Sometimes it happens that accounting becomes very much complicated and pathetic. Using the software will remove all such complexities as it helps you retrieve your information accurately.

 1.2.0                INTRODUCTION

Chapter one introduces the research work and the problem definition of the research, and to know the aim of this research work, research justification tells us why it is important to research on this topic; it also covers areas like scope and limitation of study which entails the boundary of this work. Definition of terms gives summarize what each chapter entails.

1.3.0   PROBLEM DEFINITION

This research work was undertaken to uncover some of the problems with conventional hospital management systems. Where record entry, updating relevant patient information in his/her record, calculation, storage and retrieval of records are still being done manually. Using these conventional moods of operation may pose delay in the administrative system in the institution.

1.4.0                  OBLECTIVE OF STUDY

In view of the problems mentioned above, this project is aimed at implementing a hospital management system which will exclusively:

  • Automate the daily operations of the hospital such as assigningunique id for every patient when creating his/her record, staff automatically. Simultaneously update changes made to any record in its database.
  • Efficiently handle the hospital billing facility.

1.5.0             RESEARCH JUSTIFICATION      

This research work will provide a reliable way of handling patient’s record effectively and eliminate the lag time in file recovery and also with an inclusion of a billing system. Furthermore, it will aids structural document representation and eliminates the tedium of performing monotonous transaction. This research will also contribute to existing literature in this area and will serve as a guild or blueprint for an undergraduate student.

1.6.0         RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This research work “design and implementation of an interactive system for hospital management” will be a web-based application and will be implemented on a relational database system(MySQL). Html(hypertext markup language), css(cascading style sheet) and Jquery will be used to design the web-user interface, php (hypertext preprocessor) will be used as the serve- side script language to link the interface and the database.

1.7.0                SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY  

This research work is to develop a system capable of handling most of the administrative task in the hospital; such as storing patient’s record with each patient giving a unique id by the system, retrieve these records with ease when needed, facilitate record update, restricting access in the database with the allocation of privileges to authorize personnel. The system will also incorporate in its design a billing system that will record and prints patient’s bill for every service offered in the hospital.

The system will not incorporate in its development all the functions of a health record system but will focus only on the aforementioned functionalities. The system will not be responsible for any loss of data if its environment (network/system installed on) is corrupt.

1.8.0                    DEFINITION OF TERM

PATIENT: a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment.

1.9.0        CHAPTER LAYOUT

This section  was  put in place to explain what each chapter does, chapter one introduces the project to the reader by explaining the problems the project is supposed to solve, objective of the study and research justification is to describe to the reader the purpose and the  importance of  researching on this topic, research methodology is all about the method used in implementing the research work, scope and limitation describes  the boundary of the research work and where the project work can be put into use.

Chapter two deals with the literature review and state-of-the-art.This chapter discusses literature review, what people have published related to this research work and their shortcoming, how this present research can improve their shortcomings.

Chapter three deals with the system design methodology i.e. collection of tools methods and practices for achieving a task; the requirement specification states the expectation of the system analysis, and design which is the blueprint of what the system would carry out.

Chapter four has to do with the implementation, system testing strategies, target computer system requirement, software maintenance etc.

Chapter five discusses the recommendations and conclusion part of the research work and how this work can be applied to the problem domain.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

 

1.1.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Healthcare establishments like hospitals, rehabilitation centers, health-saloons etcareseen as figures of hope by the sick and diseased. Just like other organizations, medicalestablishments are also well-organized, following rigid and complex processes. Theseestablishments require efficient and strong manpower for proper management of theirprocesses. Their main objective is to offer quality healthcare to patients in a proper and cost-effective way. In recent years, there has been noticed a rapid growth of hospital industry inour country, which in turn has created a need of hospital software. This software is verymuch valuable for hospitals as it has lots of advanced features. Hospital management Systemhas been designed for managing complete hospital system and delivering the desired benefitsto the hospitals.

 

Hospital software easily automates the whole process of collating; retrieving and gatheringa

patient information and as a consequence it results in improved response time towards thepatient’s demands. Doctors and other seniors of the hospital would be capable of spendingtheir precious time in other clinical activities over simple clerical activities. Sometimes ithappens that accounting becomes very much complicated and pathetic. Using the softwarewill remove all such complexities as it helps you retrieve your information accurately on your finger tips

1.2.0 INTRODUCTION

Chapter one introduces the research work and the problem definition ofthe research, and to know the aim of this research work, research justification tellsus why it is important to research on this topic, it also covers areas like scope andlimitation of study which entails the boundary of this work. Definition of termsgives definition of some of the keywords to be to use in this work. Chapter layoutsummarize what each chapter entails.

1.3.0 PROBLEM DEFINITION

This research work was undertaken to uncover the various problems with conventionalhospital management system. These includes;

  1. Lack of immediate retrievals: -The information is very difficult to retrieve E.g. – To find

out about the patient’s history, the user has to go through various registers. This results ininconvenience and wastage of time.

  1. Lack of immediate information storage: – The information generated by varioustransactions takes time and efforts to be stored at right place.
  2. Lack of prompt updating: – Various changes to information like patient details are difficultto make as paper work is involved.
  3. Error prone manual calculation: – Manual calculations are error prone and takes a lot oftime, this may result in incorrect information.

1.4.0 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

In view of the problems mentioned above, this project is aimed atimplementing a hospital management system which will exclusively:

  • Automate the daily operations of the hospital
  • Assign unique id for every patient and store the details of every patient and thestaff automatically.
  • Simultaneously update changes made to any data, item in the entire database.
  • Efficiently handle the hospital billing facility.

1.5.0 RESEARCH JUSTIFICATION

Hospital management system is of great important to hospitals because all current processes

are done manually;

  • Information about Patients is done by just writing the Patients name, age and gender.

Whenever the Patient comes up his information is stored freshly.

 

  • Bills are generated by recording price for each facility provided to Patient on a separate sheet and at last they all are summed up.
  • Diagnosis information to patients is generally recorded on the document, which contains Patient information. It is destroyed after some time period to decrease the paper load in the office.

 

Introduction of hospital management systems will help to overcome the problems mentioned

 

above.

 

1.6.0

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

This research work “design and implementation of an interactive system for

 

hospital management” will be a web-based application and will be implemented on a

 

relational database system(mysql). Html(hypertext markup language), css(cascading

 

style sheet) and jquery will be used to design the web-user interface, php (hypertext

 

preprocessor) will be used as the serve- side script language to link the interface and

 

the database.

 

1.7.0

 

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY

 

It can be used in any Hospital, Clinic, Dispensary or Pathology labs for maintaining

 

staff details, patient details and their lab results. this research work is limited by time

 

constraints, money and unavailability of resources etc.

 

1.8.0

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS

HOSPITAL: an institution providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for sick or injured people.

PATIENT: a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment.

HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: a computer hardware and software that processes hospital’s data.

DATABASE: an organized collection of data this is stored in computer and can be

 

accessed and used in various ways.

 

RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: it uses relation or two dimensional tables to store information.

MYSQL: it is an English like database query language used for retrieving and managing data in a relational database management system, it is a query language for querying and modifying data and managing databases.

PHP: originally stood for personal homepage currently, it is known as hypertext preprocessor widely used as a general purpose server-side scripting language that was originally designed for developing dynamic web pages.

1.9.0

CHAPTER LAYOUT

This section was put in place to explain what each chapter does, chapter one introduces the project to the reader by explaining the problems the project is supposed to solve, objective of the study and research justification is to describe to the reader the purpose and the importance of researching on this topic, research methodology is all about the method used in implementing the research work, scope and limitation describes the boundary of the research work and where the project work can be put into use.

 

Chapter two deals with the literature review and state-of-the-art, this chapter

 

discusses literature review, what people have published related to this research

 

work and their shortcoming, how this present research work can improve their

 

shortcomings, if any.

 

Chapter three deals with the system design methodology I.e. collection of

 

tools methods and practices for achieving a task, the requirement specification states

 

the expectation of the system, and design which is the blueprint of what the system

 

would carry out.

 

Chapter four has to do with the implementation, system testing strategies,

target computer system requirement, software maintenance etc

Chapter five discusses the recommendations and conclusion part of the

research work and how this research work can be applicable to the problem domain.

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