THE CAUSES OF DEVIANT AND DELINQUENT BEHAVIOUR AMONG STUDENTS IN EMOTAN GIRLS GRAMMAR SCHOOL IN OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
The research work is aimed at finding out the cause of deviant and delinquent behaviour among students in Emotan Girls Grammar School in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State. The instrument employed in gathering the data include questionnaires, interview and personal observation. Based on the analyzed data, the following findings were discovered.
1. That broken marriage or home can cause deviant and delinquent behaviour.
2. That lack of teaching materials also lead to deviant and delinquent behaviour among students.
3. That peer group influence can contribute to deviant and delinquent behaviour
4. That poor q2uality administration exhibited by principals and school masters can lead to deviant and delinquent behaviour. Based on the findings, recommendations were made by the researcher.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Purpose of study
Significance of the study
Scope of study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Validity of instrument
Procedure for data collection
Method of data analysis
Analysis of data
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
Suggestion for further research
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Deviant and delinquent behaviour is a big problem in our society today. Some years ago, Egyptians priest carried on a stone our earth is degenerated, children no longer obey their parents. (Johnson, 1995). The attention of different people has been drawn to the increase in deviant and delinquent behaviour among students in Emotan Girls Grammar School. Going through the Nigeria daily newspapers and listening to radio and television, we hear a twist of deviant and delinquent causes being attributed to Emotan girl’s grammar school of today. Gone are the days where student’s today pride being in school strives for excellence in class work and looked to the future ambitiously quite and innocent for their ages. It is not so these days.
People involved in the upbringing of children have noticed a variety of behaviour ranging from simple vices like falsifying age to taking alcohols that will lead them to naughtiness. Incident of anti-social behaviour are on the increase in Emotan girls grammar school, some of these include students attacking teaching, burning and destroying of school properties and attempting to rape their female counterparts etc. increase in the occurrence of these deviant and delinquent act is now causing a lot of concern for parents, teachers and social workers who have the responsibility of bringing up these children. This implies that the cause of deviant and delinquent act in Emotan girls grammar school has to be sought and the necessary steps have to be taken in preventing it.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The decision to carryout a study on the causes of deviant and delinquent behaviour has been inspired by the investigators experience as a teacher. In school there are usually a case of students involving in stealing, truancy, smoking of India hemp etc. the importance of the students in the national development cannot be over emphasized, but when the students who are supposed to build the nation engage in various vices and crimes what hope has the nation. There is no doubt that the behaviour of these students has adverse effect on them and the students around them. Therefore the problem of this study focuses on the following questions:
1. What influence does social economic factor have on deviant and delinquent behaviour of the students?
2. Does television view cause students to be deviant
3. Is there any relationship between peer group pressure and deviant and delinquency?
4. What influence does parents behaviour have on deviant and delinquent behaviour of students
5. Does emotional deprivation cause students to be deviant?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This study is primarily intended to find out the causes of deviant and delinquent behaviour in Emotan girls grammar school especially those that are related to the home since charity begin at home. The study will also attempt to give suggestion on how to eliminate deviant and delinquent behaviour from the Emotan girl’s grammar school.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is hope that the result of this study will be useful to parents, teachers, psychologist and social workers. The findings will also as a source of useable literature on the cause of deviant and delinquent behaviour
It is hope that the finding of the study will also act as a basis for relevant preventive measure in deviant and delinquent behaviour.
1. Does adolescent behaviour cause deviant and delinquent behaviour?
2. Is television viewing cause of deviant and delinquent behaviour?
3. Do improper home upbringing of children the cause of deviant and delinquent behaviour?
4. Does poor school administration lead to deviant and delinquent act?
5. Does truancy lead to deviant and delinquent behaviour?
6. Does stealing cause deviant and delinquent behaviour?
SCOPE OF STUDY
These research focuses attention on Emotan girls grammar school and the Emotan girls grammar school are Secondary School.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Deviants: This refers to as the behaviour going against norms or the absent of discipline. This implies that for any behaviour to be recognized as against the norms of the society.
Delinquency: This is defined or referred to as the behaviour of our consequent to the failure of personal and social controls to produce behaviours in confirming with the norms of the society system to which legal penalty are attached. Delinquent individual have not been able to imbibe the rules and norms of the society.
Broken Home: This refers to the separation of parents either by divorce or desertion.
Emotional Deprivation: This means when a person is deprived of opportunities to experience reasonable amount of love.
Unfavourable Parental Interaction: This is referred to as a situation in which there is lack of cordial relationship between the parents. In this regard, children learn bad habits from such interaction.
Adolescent: Adolescent is a period where the growing children experience early accelerated growth spirit as he is growing towards adult hood. (Akinbonye, 1985). In Nigeria the adolescent are simply between the enological ages of 12-21 years.
Uncordial Family Relationship: This is also refers to as the type of relationship those results in lack of attention for children. It can result in instility to the children and way crate fear in the children. For example, this type of relation can exist between step-parents and their step children. Some step-parents see the step-children as the children of the irresponsible parents children from such home get away from home and engage in deviant act by joining various deviant sub-culture.
Subculture: These are referred to as a group in which some type of law violating activity is required in the performance of the group roles.
Criminal Sub-Culture: This is the type of gang devoted to that exhortation and other illegal method of obtaining incomes.
Conflict Sub-Culture: This is also referred to as the type of violence dominated as a way of winning status.
Restreatist Sub-Culture: This also means the type of gang in which the consumption of alcohols is stressed.