FASTING BLOOD SUGAR ANALYSIS AND BLOOD SUGAR REGULATION
The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of human or animals.
The body naturally lightly regulate blood glucose level as a part of metabolic homeostatic (property of a system to regulate it internal environment and tends to maintain a stable, relatively constant condition such as temperature) glucose is the primary source of energy, for the body’s cell, and blood lipid. This is also primarily a compact energy store (there are exception: because carbohydrate tend to be used by human is continuously glocueogaenic. Glucose is transported from the infer shine or liver to body cell via the blood stream and is made available for cell absorption via the hormone insulin (a peptide hormone produce beta cell of the pancreas and it central to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body) produced in the body primarily in the pancreases. The mean normal blood glucose level in human is about 5.5moll or 100 mg/df. Howeverthis level fluctuate through at the day.
Glucose levels are usually lowest in the morning before the first meal of the day (term fasting level) and rise after meal for an hour of two by a few. The normal blood glucose level (fasted while fasting for non-diabetics, should be between 70 and 100mg/df, and blood sugar level for those without diabetes and who are not fasting should be below 129mg/df
According to American Diabetes Association the blood glucose target range for diabetes should be 70-130(mg/df) before meals and less than 150mg/df after meals (as measure by a blood glucose monitor)
Blood sugar level outside the normal range may be and indicator or a medical condition.
A persistently high level glucose is referred to as Hyperglycemia, low level are referredto as Hypoglycemic. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by persistent hyperglycemia , it result in the inability of pancreas to produce enough insulin and intake of alcohol causes an initial surge in blood surgeand later tends to cause level to fall also certain drugs can increase or decrees glucose level.
AIM OF THE STUDY
- To identify the optimal blood glucose target for glycemic control
- The relationship of high blood glucose with age
- The mean random glucose level of apparently healthy adult
- To compare the mean value for men and women.
- What is the physiological effects of blood glucose
- What are the hormonal regulation of blood glucose
- What is the health risk of high blood glucose
- Best time to check blood glucose.