Assessment Of Patients’ Attitude Towards The Use Of Radiology Changing Room And Changing Facilities

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Assessment Of Patients’ Attitude Towards The Use Of Radiology Changing Room And Changing Facilities

ABSTRACT
This study assessed patients’ attitude towards the use of radiology changing rooms and changing facilities. It was a survey research conducted in 2012 at the x-ray departments of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), National Orthopaedic Hospital (NOHE) and Niger Fondation Hospital (NFH), all in Enugu. Four research questions of atleast three items each were used to obtain data from 120 respondents using convenient sampling. The data were statistically analyzed using mean score tables. The analysis showed grand mean values of 2.4, 2.9, 3.1 and 2.9 for research questions 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. The findings revealed that physical environment of the Changing rooms affects patients’ willingness to use the changing room; attitudes of patients towards radiology changing rooms and changing facilities are influenced by lack of adequate facilities in the x-ray changing rooms; concern for hygiene of x-ray changing gowns influences patients’ attitudes towards the use of radiology changing room facilities and x-ray changing gowns affect patients’ privacy. The mean score comparison of the physical environment of the x-ray changing rooms; facilities in the x-ray changing rooms and patients’ perception of dignity in the use of changing gowns in the three hospitals indicated respectively that general physical environment of the x-ray changing rooms influence patients’ attitudes in the three hospitals; facilities in the x-ray changing rooms in the three hospitals influence patients’ attitudes; and patients’ perception of dignity in the use of changing gowns contribute to their attitude in the three hospitals. This study will enable the radiology department to solve the problem of reluctance and negative attitudes of patients towards the use of radiology changing rooms and changing facilities.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page … … … … … … … … … … … ii
Approval Page … … … … … … … … … … … iii
Certification … … … … … … … … … … … iv
Dedication … … … … … … … … … … … v
Acknowledgement … … … … … … … … … … vi
Abstract … … … … … … … … … … … .. vii
Table of Contents … … … … … … … … … … viii
List of Tables … … … … … … … … … .. … xi

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction … … … … … … .. … … … 1
1.1 Statement of the Problem … … … … … … .. … 3
1.2 Purpose of Study … … … … … … .. … … 3
1.3 Specific Objectives … … … … … … .. … … 4
1.4 Significance of the Study … … … … … … .. … 4
1.5 Literature Review … … … … … … .. … … 4

CHAPTER TWO: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
2.0 Assessment of Attitude … … … … … … .. … 13
2.1 Assessment … … … … … … .. … … … 13
2.2 Attitude … … … … … … .. … … … 17
2.3 The Patient … … … … … … .. … … 19
2.4 Changing Gown … … … … … … .. … 23
2.5 The Changing Room … … … … … … .. … 26

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design … … … … … … .. … 30
3.2 Target Population … … … … … … .. … 30
3.3 Sampling Procedure … … … … … … .. … 30
3.4 Sample Size … … … … … … .. … … 31
3.5 Source of Data Collection … … … … … … .. 31
3.6 Method of Data Collection … … … … … … .. 31

CHAPTER FOUR
Data Analysis and Presentation of Result … … … … … … 32

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS, AREAS OF FURTHER STUDY, CONCLUSION AND LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
5.1 Discussion … … … … … … … … 42
5.2 Summary of Findings … … … … … … … … 44
5.3 Recommendations … … … … … … … … 44
5.4 Areas of Further Study … … … … … … … 45
5.5 Conclusion… … … … … … … … … 45
5.6 Limitations of the Study … … … … … … … 46
References
Appendix

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Age Distribution of the Respondents … … … … … 33
Table 2: Gender and Marital Status of the Respondents … … … 34
Table 3: The Mean Score on the Impression of the Respondents … … 34
Table 4: The Mean Score on Adequate Facilities in the x-ray Changing Room … … … … … … … … … 35
Table 5: The Mean Score on Hygiene of X-ray Changing Gowns … … 36
Table 6: The Mean Score on Effect of X-ray Changing Gowns on Patients’ privacy… … … … … … … … … 37
Table 7: Comparison of he Physical Environment of the X-ray Changing Rooms in the three Hospitals … … … … … … 38
Table 8: Comparison of the Facilities in the X-ray Changing Room in the Three Hospitals … … … … … … … … 39
Table 9: The Mean Scores on Patients’ privacy concern in the Use of Changing Gown among the Hospitals … … … …. … 40
Table 10: Mean Score on Patients’ privacy concern (in the use of Changing Gown) Between Male and Female Respondents … … 40

INTRODUCTION
A patient is any recipient of health care services. The patient is most often ill or injured and in need of treatment by a physician, advanced practice registered nurse or other health care providers.1 He is also ignorant and even apprehensive of the medical investigations and procedures necessary to get him better and so offer a rather little or no assistance to the treatment process. His attitude is affected by the rather strange hospital environment. He is unaware of the medical environment and may not know what to do to improve the diagnosis. He may therefore be afraid of not only the diagnostic procedures but also of the diagnostic facilities. Therefore, the patient needs reassurance2 and a professional guidance through the diagnostic procedures.

Attitude, as a psychological concept, is defined as an enduring system of positive or negative evaluation, emotional feelings, and pro or con action tendencies with respect to social object (of which a patient is a good example). Attitude is therefore made up of three parts: emotion, belief and behavior. Patients’ attitude therefore, is an indication of his evaluation, emotional feelings and reaction towards the hospital environment in general and radiology department in particular. Several factors, including patients’ level of awareness and education influence his attitude. Every accessory in the radiology department may appear contaminated in the eye of the uninformed patient. Therefore, to gain the patient’s confidence, adequate communication is vital.3
The radiology changing room is provided very close to the radiology (x-ray, mammography, CT etc) examination room. It is meant to help the patient, (irrespective of his/her level of knowledge of the diagnostic procedures) prepare adequately for the x-ray exams. This preparation is in the area of ensuring that the patient is dressed in a wear (changing gown) that will ensure that the x-ray examination is carried out without any clothing or other patient’s items interfering with the result of diagnosis. A well-lit and ventilated cubicles is required for each x-ray machine. A mirror, clothes hooks, changing gown and a bench are also provided for each changing room or changing cubicle. A larger sized dressing room may also be provided for the convenience of patients on a wheel chair. Each room should have curtains instead of a door. A toilet facilities may also be provided11.
Assessment of the attitude of patients towards the use of these changing rooms and its facilities is the aim of this research. Assessment is the process of gathering and reflecting on evidence to make informed and consistent judgements to improve the understanding of a situation , which in this case is the attitude of patients towards the use of changing room and its items. This assessment will be carried out using these public (UNTH, & NOHE) and private (MEMPHY’S HOSP& NIGER FOUND.) hospitals in Enugu state as case studies.

 

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