The Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools (A Case Study Of Secondary Schools In Enugu Metropolis)

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 THE EXTENT OF AVAILABILITY AND USES OF COMPUTERS IN STATE AND PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS)

ABSTRACT
This study, investigated the extent of availability and uses of computer in teaching and learning in the state and private secondary schools. The study was designed to find out some factors that are responsible for any difference between the two types of schools. In order to do this effectively, five research questions were asked and answered. The literature related to the study was reviewed under the following factors. Areas where computer is used, kinds of software/Application programs, spread sheet, internet, graphical packages, attitudes of students towards computer learning and computer studies curriculum. The design of the study is survey. The area of the study is Enugu metropolis. The population of the study was 71502. The sample of the study was 4000. The sampling technique was random sampling. The instrument used is questionnaire. The instrument was validated by two experts in the school of Science Education. The reliability of the instrument was obtained using test – retest method. Data obtained were analysed using rate scale and decision rule. Results showed that there are more computers in state secondary schools more than in private secondary schools and the application software learned by the school are spreadsheet, word processor and windows. Also the result showed that some schools do not have computer laboratory and also, there is limited power supply. Conclusively students in state government schools use more computer than students in private secondary schools which indicate better achievement by students in state secondary school. Finally, the researchers suggest that both state schools and private schools should be equipped with computers and softwares or computer materials.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page
Approval Page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Table Of Contents
List Of Table
AbstractChapter One:
1.0 Introduction 

1.1 Background Of The Study
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
1.3 Purpose Of The Study
1.4 Significance Of The Study
1.5 Scope Of The Study
1.6 Research QuestionsChapter Two:
2.0 Literature Review 

2.1 Availability Of Computer And Other Laboratory Facilities
2.2 The Areas Where Computers Are Used
2.3 The Kinds Of Software/Application Programmes Learned Altitudes Of Students Towards computer Studies
2.4 Computer Studies Curriculum

Chapter Three:
3.0 Research Methodology 

3.1 Design Of The Study
3.2 Area Of The Study
3.3 Population Of The Study
3.4 Sample And Sampling Techniques
3.5 Instruments Used In The Study
3.6 Validation Of The Instruments
3.7 Reliability Of The Instruments
3.8 Method Of Data Collection
3.9 Method Of Data Analysis

Chapter Four:
4.0 Presentation Of Data And Data Analysis 

4.1 Presentation Of Data And Analysis
4.2 Major Findings Of The Study.

Chapter Five
5.0 Discussions, Summary, Recommendation, Conclusions And Limitation 

5.1 Discussions Of The Findings
5.2 Limitation Of The Study
5.3 Conclusion
5.4 Recommendations
5.5 Suggestions For Further Studies
References
Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Science and computer education is of paramount important in the technology development of any country of the world.
Nigeria as a developing country can not be left out. In her quest for economic and technological development, therefore, the emphasis of science and science education have been greatly stressed by the federal and state government in the past and up till date.

Furthermore, computer which is an electronic device that is capable of accepting data craw facts from which required information is produced, as input, processes the data and produces information (that is information gotten from the processed data) as out put, fast, accurately and thus more efficiently than human being is a very important subjects and also a central science subject which can be applied in other subjects and in various aspects of our daily lives. For instance in Engineering, medicine, commercial purposes, security, schools learning, and administrator, communication networks, brewing to mention but are few. With the knowledge of computer education the problem of school record such as administration register, fees – registrar, staff record, school account etc can be prepared, amended, updated with the computer.
From the foregoing a well programmed science education is needed to achieve the above knowledge for the development of technological growth in the country.
Gbanganja (1991) et el envisaged that the best as of building a country to be scientifically and technologically mounted is to strengthen science education. Computer education which has just been introduced into most Nigerian secondary schools but has not been included in the West Africa examination council (WAEC)’s syllabus is more challenging because, everybody want to be computer literate. Computer learning, comprises both theoretical as well as practical aspects, unlike formerly when the use of computer was associated with big companies and parastatals like conglomerates, andis and other financial houses.
Preliminary investigations carried out by the researchers, during teaching practice, shows that computer education has been embraced by all Nigerians, hence, computer education is offered as a general subject in schools.
It is against this background that the study is intended to investigate the extent of availability and the use of computer in state and private secondary schools in Enugu metropolis.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM 
For the past decades, computer learning was not part of the curriculum of Nigeria secondary schools but because of the dynamic nature of the world, technology had changed rapidly and Nigeria is welcoming the change to enjoy all the facilities that computer provides.
Even through computer education has been introduced into the curriculum of both government and private owned secondary schools in Enugu State, there is pavaty of research evidence on the extent of availability and use of computer in teaching the subject. In question form, the problem of this study is: (1) To what extent are government and private secondary schools in Enugu state equipped with computers and how are these computers utilized in the teaching of the subject?

PURPOSES OF THE STUDY 
This study is aimed at investigating the extent of availability and use of computer in state and private secondary schools in Enugu metropolis.
Consequently, in carrying out the study, the researchers intend to:
1. Find out if he state government secondary schools and private secondary schools in Enugu metropolis have computers.
2. Determine what the available computers are used for in these schools.
3. Find out the kind of software package and applications programs learned in each of the school types.
4. Find out the problems encountered by students in the study of computer as a school subject.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 
Science and Technology have become an area of much emphasis in Nigeria today, as a result of which computer has not only been included in the curriculum of our secondary schools but has been made a compulsory subject. Since computer study requires more of practical than theory there is therefore, the need to find out if there are enough computer in our secondary schools.
The result from this study will be useful to the curriculum planners, who will know the areas where emphasis will be directed to whom planning in other to yield better result in the use of computer in secondary schools. It will also be useful to the ministry of education and private schools owners by making them aware of the areas where computers should be provided and take appropriate measures to repair the non functioning ones and provide adequate security against theft and vandalization.
Finally, this research project will equally serve as a source of information for further research work.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY 
This study is undertaken and limited to state government and privately owned secondary schools in Enugu metropolis.
The researchers intend using J.S.S III classes have difficulties in completing forms without being guided, which will affect their responds.

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The limitations of the study include most especially inadequate finance and time. For this reason sampled population was used for data collection. The assessment cannot be without flaws as only 33 secondary schools were used to represents all other secondary schools in Enugu metropolis.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS 
The following research questions were posed and answered in the following course of the study.
1) To what extent are computers available in state and private secondary schools?
2) What are the computers used for in these schools?
3) What kind of software packages and application programs are learned by students?
4) What problems are encountered by students in the study of computer as a school subject?

CHAPTER TWO
Chapter two of this Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools” research work is available. Order Full Work to download. Chapter Two of “Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools Contains: Literature Review, Availability Of Computer And Other Laboratory Facilities, The Areas Where Computers Are Used, The Kinds Of Software/Application Programmes Learned Altitudes Of Students Towards computer Studies and Computer Studies Curriculum .
CHAPTER THREE
Chapter three of this Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools” academic work is available. Order Full Work to download. Chapter Three of “Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools Contains: Research Methodology, Design Of The Study, Area Of The Study, Population Of The Study, Sample And Sampling Techniques, Instruments Used In The Study, Validation
Of The Instruments Of The Instruments, Method Of Data Collection and Method Of Data Analysis .
CHAPTER FOUR
Chapter four of this Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools project work is available. Order Full Work to download. Chapter Four of Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools Contains: Presentation Of Data And Data Analysis, Presentation Of Data And Analysis and Major Findings Of The Study.
CHAPTER FIVE
Chapter five of this Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools material is available. Order Full Work to download. Chapter Five of Extent Of Availability And Uses Of Computers In State And Private Secondary Schools Contains: Discussions, Summary, Recommendation, Conclusions And Limitation, Discussions Of The Findings, Limitation Of The Study, Suggestions For Further Studies, References and Appendix.

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