Availability And Use Of Instructional Material In Teaching Of Basic Science In Secondary School (Case Study Of Igbo Etiti Local Government Area Of Enugu State Comparism Of The Junior Secondary School)

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AVAILABILITY AND USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL IN TEACHING OF BASIC SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL (CASE STUDY OF IGBO ETITI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE COMPARISM OF THE JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL)

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the availability and use instructional material in teaching and learning of basic science in secondary school in Igbo Etiti local government area. The population for study was made up of 12,254. Of secondary student in Igbo Etiti; the researcher designed a questionnaire to carry her research work. The findings of research work shows that there is a significant relationship between the availability and the use of instructional material based on these findings, recommendation was proffered. Keywords, the availability and use of instructional material in teaching and learning of basic science in secondary school in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

According to Aguokogbuo (2000) says that educational experiences involving the learner actively participating in concrete examples are retained longer than abstract experiences.
Instructional material elements of reality by providing concrete examples to learning many authors have written on the use of instructional materials both in teaching of basic science and other related subjects in order to enhance teaching for desired social and behavioral change. These authors include Greenwood (2001) Nwanna Nzewunwa (2003) and Adekeye (2008) more specifically; it was emphasized in the works of these authors that the use of instructional materials is a sine qua non in affecting behavior of learning’s of every field, especially basic science.
It was equally shown by some of the authors that these materials are important catalysis of social re-engineering and changes; according to the researcher, it is found that basic science teaching and learning cannot be well accomplished without the use of instructional materials.
Advanced in technology have brought instructional materials especially the projected and electronic materials to the forefront as the most radical tools of globalization and social development which have affected the classroom teaching-learning situation positively. The availability of instructional material in teaching and learning of the student, have made both teaching and learning become very pleasant to basic science teachers. A study by Owolabi (2004) revealed that the performance of Nigerian students in ordinary level basic science was generally poor. This was attributed by the author to many factors of teaching strategy, teaching strategy itself was considered as an important factor. Jegede et. al (1992) reported factors responsible for students’ academic performance in learning of basic science. The factors can be said to be poor laboratory facilities, inability of the basic science teachers to put across ideas clearly to the students and inadequate number of learning facilities in school in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state. Basic science cannot be fully taught without the availability of instructional material; the teaching of basic science without learning materials will certainly result to poor performance in the course.

Statement of Problems
The relevance of education in any society cannot be understood. It is regarded as the single potent factor that leads to the improvement of the individual as well as the society. The need to provide basic formal educational instructional material in teaching of basic science in secondary school in Igbo Etiti L.G.A of Enugu. The lack of availability and the credibility of instructional material in teaching of basic science in terms of effectiveness and appropriateness of instructional material have remained a major problems and issues of interest in Igbo Etiti local government area.

Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and the credibility of the use of instructional material in teaching of basic science in secondary school in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.
1. Assess instructional technology tools available to teachers at secondary school in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.
2. Determine instructional material used by teachers.
3. Determine instructional material used by student in learning.
4. Identify ways teachers used technology material for teaching of basic science in secondary schools in Igbo Etiti L.G.A.

Significance of the study
The research will be of significance to the entire secondary school in Igbo Etiti L.G.A. of Enugu, especially to the student in there learning field of study.
It will help the educational’s in providing, utilizing and improving the use of instructional material in teaching of the student in schools. In the other hand, it will direct and encourage secondary schools on the use of instructional material in teaching and learning of basic science.
The benefit of effective use of instructional material as a tool for teaching and learning of the student cannot be over emphasized, poor academic achievement of the student will be minimized.
The study would also benefit the future researchers who would be interested in carrying out a further research work in the same field.
Finally, this study has also been a source of inspiration and the researcher found it very helpful to her academic advancement it has exposed her to so many things.

Scope of the Study
The researcher confines the study to the five secondary school in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state. Specifically designed for secondary school students who are engaged in basic science. This means that the application of the research findings is generalized with in secondary schools in Igbo Etiti local government area.

Research Question 
In order to achieve the desired objectives the following research questions were posited to guide the study.
1. To what extent are instructional technology tools available to teachers at secondary school in Igbo Etiti local government area?
2. To what extent is instructional material used by teachers.
3. To what extent is instructional material used by student in learning.
4. What are the ways teachers used technology material for teaching of basic science in secondary schools in Igbo Etiti L.G.A.

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