THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF FOCUS CONVERSATION AND GUIDED READING INSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES ON STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
This study investigated the relative effectiveness of two instructional methods, namely, Cooperative, and Guided Discovery methods on students’ performance in Accounting in senior secondary schools in Plateau State. Five research questions were raised to guide the study, five hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Quasi-experimental design was used for the study. The population for the study comprised of all the SSII students offering Accounting in Government Senior Secondary Schools with a population of 1,540 in plateau state of Nigeria. Two schools that offered Accounting were selected as sample for the study. The instrument used for data collection was the Accounting Achievement Test. Students in the experimental groups were taught using the two methods separately. The experiment lasted for four weeks after which a post-test was administered. Data were analyzed using the mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The result of the study indicated that students taught using guided discovery method show significant achievement than students in cooperative and control group. However, the performance score of students in control group and those in cooperative group does not significantly differ. It can be concluded that while cooperative method enhance students’ performance, guided discovery method of teaching enhances performance significantly (irrespective of the gender or location) than any of the method used in the study. This study therefore recommendedthat the secondary school sector should be improved through training of teachers in the use of effective instructional method in the classroom, especially in the use of Guided Discovery in accounting instruction in government senior secondary schools in Plateau State.
1.1 Background to the Study
The process by which people obtain knowledge, skills, values and attitudes is called education. The most common way to acquire a sound education is to attend school. Focus Conversation The report and recommendation of the curriculum conference of 1969 formed the basis for the National policy on education for Nigeria, which is the country’s educational policy document. In this document, Federal Government placed emphasis on Vocational and Technical Education in order that the graduates may be equipped with skills, knowledge and attitudes for gaining employment or for becoming self employed (National policy, 2004).Focus Conversation Part of the efforts towards achieving these objectives was that the range of courses in Vocational and Technical institutions would be widened to include Accounting, Office Education and Distributive Education (National policy,2004).Focus Conversation
Accounting, a core subject in Business Education is offered in both senior secondary schools and tertiary institutions in Nigeria. According to Ekponko, (1986) big and small organizations, government as well as individuals in their daily activities deal with money and monetary transactions with one another. Therefore the need for accounting cannot be over emphasized especially in relation to keeping of records. According to Asaolu (2002), Financial accounting is the process of recording, classifying, selecting, measuring, interpreting, summarizing and reporting financial data of an organization to the users for objective assessment and decision making. Accounting data are processed into accounting information through the use of accounting principles and conventions.Focus Conversation