ROLES OF AGRICULTURE EXTENSION TO ACHIEVE FOOD SECURITY AND IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOOD

ROLES OF AGRICULTURE EXTENSION TO ACHIEVE FOOD SECURITY AND IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOOD

Abstract

This paper presents the contribution of agricultural extension to achieve food security and improve
rural livelihood. It discussed the current opportunities and challenges facing effort to increase the impact of rural
and agricultural extension on the life of rural dwellers who depend on agriculture for their survival. The paper
proved the general problems preventing extension from achieving its desired goals. It recommends intensive
training of extension agents and increase funding of public extension system in order to revamp the system and
mobilized extension workers for effective extension work.

 

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

 

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

 

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

 

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis. 3.5 Data Analysis.——-23

 

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

 

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation  –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

 

I. INTRODUCTION

Bardsly (1982) cited by Nwuzor (2009) view agricultural extension as a service or system which assists farm people through educational procedures in improving farming method and techniques, increasing production efficiency and income, bettering their levels of living and lifting social and educational lives of rural people. It insuresinformation obtained and assembled from research studies based on experience, trail and demonstration for the purpose of extending knowledge to the rural dwellers. The use of farm visit group method and discussion, mass media, posters and audio visual and are very effective means of extending knowledge to the rural populace. Food and agricultural organization (FAO) 1992 view agricultural extension as informal out of school educational services for training and influencing to adopt improved practices in crops and livestock production, management, conservation and marketing. (STAN 1999) defined agricultural extension education is a teaching and learning process in which the farmers are taught better, method farming in order to raise productivity and their standard of living.

Agricultural extension has become a strategy for transforming our traditional agriculture in to progressive and modern one. It is also a strategy for rural transformation and development in which the entire rural areas including humans, water, energy and physical resources are improved. This will enhance the farmers capacity to produce and impact on his standard of living

 

ROLES OF AGRICULTURE EXTENSION TO ACHIEVE FOOD SECURITY AND IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOOD

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