Petroleum Exploration and the Agitation for Compensation by Oil Mineral Producing Communities in Nigeria

PETROLEUM EXPLORATION AND THE AGITATION FOR COMPENSATION BY OIL MINERAL PRODUCING COMMUNITIES IN NIGERIA

 

Abstract
This paper examined the impact of petroleum exploitation on the environment of the Niger Delta oil producing communities in Nigeria. This is in furtherance of the understanding that human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development. The paper observed that there was need for the adoption of measures that would provide a reasonable degree of protection of ecological and human environment from the activities of the oil industry in Nigeria.

Introduction

The Nigeria nation has come of age to be able to answer some pertinent and timely questions, which is of national interest. Just as it’s commonly said, where purpose is not well defined, abuse is inevitable; likewise the situation of petroleum exploitation in the country. For example, when the purpose of a wooden chair is not well defined by its user, there is the possibility of using it
as fire wood.

The extinction of biodiversity, e.g. Flora and Fauna, destruction and contamination of soil, and the much obvious air/atmospheric pollution in the Niger delta has not only deteriorated the environment, but has also brought hopelessness to the inhabitants of the land. As a result of this, one ponder and ask, is the Nigeria nation exploiting Petroleum resources or exploiting the people of the area under the disguise of Petroleum exploitation, since no amount of money made from Petroleum exploitation can substitute for the life and comfort sniffed out of the people?

In a bit to combat this menace currently and succinctly being discussed in this paper, it is important to assess the United Nation’s Principles declared in a world conference on human and environmental problems, in Rio de Janeiro (1992). Principle 1 states that human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature. Also, Principle 2 states that States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental and developmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction. In Principle 3, it was stated that the right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations; while Principle 4 states that In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute as an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it.

 

PETROLEUM EXPLORATION AND THE AGITATION FOR COMPENSATION BY OIL MINERAL PRODUCING COMMUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Sharing is caring!

Leave a Reply

shares