AN APPRAISAL OF THE CONCEPT AND SCOPE OF AGENCY RELATIONSHIP UNDER THE NIGERIAN COMMERCIAL LAW

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AN APPRAISAL OF THE CONCEPT AND SCOPE OF AGENCY RELATIONSHIP UNDER THE NIGERIAN COMMERCIAL LAW

Abstract: 

Agency relationship from its origin, presents situation where a person (principal) is bound by the acts of another (the agent) and he (the principal) takes the rights and obligations arising out of such relationship is therefore, an exception of the doctrine of privity of contract which generally disentitles a person from acquiring any right or obligation arising from any contract to which he is not a party. Agency relationship arises when a person is vested with authority by another to enter into a legal transaction on his behalf. The two basic ingredients for agency relationship are authority and consent. However, in the course of this research, the finding of the writer is that the doctrine of privity of contract disentitles a person from acquiring any right under or being subjected to any obligation arising from a contract to which he is not a party to the contract. Thus, a contract cannot confer enforceable rights or impose obligations arising under it on any person except parties to it, this event, further constituted a statement of problem of the research. In view of this, the objective of this research is to identify the basic rules of agency relationship vis-à-vis their adequacy or otherwise in practice. In this regard therefore, the research finally concluded by recommending that the law should provide an avenue for redress to genuinely affected persons who the strict common law interpretation of privity of contract might have deprived of such. Such that even a perfect stranger could be awarded damages if infringement is proved. The sources of information relied upon here are relevant text materials, statute, journals (both local and international), judicial authorities and e-materials.

AN APPRAISAL OF THE CONCEPT AND SCOPE OF AGENCY RELATIONSHIP UNDER THE NIGERIAN COMMERCIAL LAW

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