ASSESSMENT OF HIGHWAY ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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ASSESSMENT OF HIGHWAY ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract:

Highway Road Traffic Crashes (HRTC) is a global phenomenon that affect all strata of human life, which have become a reoccurring problem that constitutes a burden to road users in Kaduna State, and Nigeria in general. It has been acknowledged that road traffic crashes occurred due to violations of rules and regulations of traffic on highways in Nigeria, which have become a national problem, particularly in Kaduna State. However, the nature, rate and frequency of these road crashes are frightening which down played the dignity and value of human lives and the destruction of property. The study objectives examined the nature, causes, consequence of highway road traffic crashes as well as remedies. Domino theory was adopted in the study to explain and analyze road traffic crashes. Qualitative and Quantitative methods of data collection were employed for the study. The data was analyzed manually and electronically using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0. The findings from non-participant observation, and in-depth interview were synergized and triangulated. The study found out that the highest road traffic crashes occurred on Kaduna-Abuja expressway. The study further revealed that commercial drivers between the age brackets of 18 – 45 years were mostly involved and perpetuated in HRTC. The findings revealed that over speeding, dangerous over taking and the used of cell-phone and other devices used while driving were the most frequent causes of HRTC among commercial vehicle drivers. And that NURTW/ NARTO members did not contribute to HRTC occurrence. The study found out that guilty perpetrators/ offenders were to be jailed for 5 years imprisonment, to serve as deterrent to others. It is evident that road traffic crashes are very common on Nigerian roads due to excessive speed, dangerous over taking, lack of road worthiness of vehicles and the use of cell phones. In view of this, the study recommended that (FRSC) Rs 1.1 Kaduna Sector Command, (NP) and KASTELEA should provide the public with special law enforcement hotlines numbers that individuals can call and report plate numbers, model and colour of cars when drivers are found wanting. This could be achieved by partnering with NURTW / NARTO in collaboration with Kaduna State Media Corporation Capital Sound 90.9FM, through her Oga driver radio road safety daily talk show. The study found that most vehicles were not road worthy. In view of this, the study recommended that only vehicles certified by road safety agencies should ply Nigerian roads, those found wanting should have their vehicles impounded after drivers have received second booking.

ASSESSMENT OF HIGHWAY ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

 

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