THE IMPACT OF SOCTO-CULTURAL FACTORS ON PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION: A CASE STUDY OF THE NATIONAL POLICY ON POLIO ERADICATION IN SABON-GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, 2003-2012

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THE IMPACT OF SOCTO-CULTURAL FACTORS ON PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION: A CASE STUDY OF THE NATIONAL POLICY ON POLIO ERADICATION IN SABON-GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, 2003-2012

Abstract:

This study examines the impact of socio-cultural factors on the implementation of the National Policy on Polio Eradication in Sabon Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State, from 2003 to 2012. This is based on the belief that Nigeria, being one of the polio endemic countries in the world, has been attempting to eradicate polio disease for over a decade but this has proved difficult. This is partly due to the crisis in its policy environment as a result of the rejection and resistance to the programme. The crisis perhaps ensued as a result of the policy’s nonconformity with socio-cultural dispositions of the people as well as the prevalence of other factors such as poverty, hunger and crisis of governance among other things. Since 2003, rejection and resistance have been the features of the process of polio eradication. Three survey instruments were used to collect the primary data and the secondary data was collected using documentary method. The data was quantitatively and qualitatively presented and analysed through triangulation method. System theory is adopted as a theoretical framework. Its adoption is informed due to the fact that polio is an incapacitating disease that afflicts the Nigerian society and requires government action through the political system in terms inputs, conversion process and output. The study found that, though socio-cultural factors impacted on the process of polio eradication in the study area, Other factors such as government’s negligence of the overall development issues in the study area also affect the implementation effort of the government. In view of this, the study recommends (hat elaborate sensitisation campaign and mobilisation should be carried out by the community and religious leaders. Also, government should address some basic and fundamental development issues, so as to meet the needs and aspirations of people of the local government.

THE IMPACT OF SOCTO-CULTURAL FACTORS ON PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION: A CASE STUDY OF THE NATIONAL POLICY ON POLIO ERADICATION IN SABON-GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, 2003-2012

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