EXAMINING THE CONGRUENCE BETWEEN COUPLES ’ PERCEIVED INFERTILITY-RELATED STRESS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO DEPRESSION AND MARITAL ADJUSTMENT IN INFERTILE MEN AND WOMEN

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EXAMINING THE CONGRUENCE BETWEEN COUPLES ’ PERCEIVED INFERTILITY-RELATED STRESS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO DEPRESSION AND MARITAL ADJUSTMENT IN INFERTILE MEN AND WOMEN

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover page

Title page

Certification        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       i

Dedication –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       ii

Acknowledgement      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       iii

Abstract     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       v

Table of contents        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       vi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study     –       –       –       –       –       1

1.2    Statement of Problem  –       –       –       –       –       –       7

1.3    Purpose of the study           –       –       –       –       –       8

1.4    Objective of the Study –       –       –       –       –       –       9

1.4    Research Questions    –       –       –       –       –       –       10

1.5    Research Hypothesis   –       –       –       –       –       –       10

1.6    Significance of the Study     –       –       –       –       –       11

1.7    Scope of the study      –       –       –       –       –       –       11

1.8    Limitation of the study         –       –       –       –       –

1.9    Definition of Terms             –       –       –       –       –       12

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Introduction       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       14

2.2 The Theoretical frame Work –       –       –       –       –       21

2.3 conceptual frame work

2.4 empirical review

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       82

3.2    Area of the study                –       –       –       –       –       –       82

3.3    Research Design        –       –       –       –       –       –       82

3.4    Sample and sampling techniques –       –       –       –       83

3.5    Population of the study               –       –       –       –       –       84

3.6    Procedure for Data Collection      –       –       –       –       85

3.7    Method of Data Analysis      –       –       –       –       –       85

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

4.1    Introduction       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       87

4.2    Presentation of Data           –       –       –       –       –       87

4.3    Data Analysis     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       88

4.4    Testing of Hypothesis          –       –       –       –       –       91

4.5    Discussion and summary of findings             –       –       94

CHAPTER FIVE:

INTRODUCTION, SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.0    Introduction       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       98

5.1    Summary           –       –       –       –       –       –       –       99

5.2    Conclusion –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       100

5.3    Recommendations      –       –       –       –       –       –       101

REFERENCES

Abstract

Because studies examining the emotional impact of infertility‐related stress generally focus on individuals, there has been little research examining how relationship and individual Variables are linked. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of congruence (e.g., agreement) between partner’s perceived infertility‐related stress and its effects on depression and marital adjustment in infertile men and women. Couples referred for infertility treatments at a University‐affiliated teaching hospital completed the Fertility Problem Inventory (FPI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) 3 months prior to their first treatment cycle. Study findings show that men and women in couples who perceived equal levels of social infertility stress reported higher levels of marital adjustment when compared to men and women in couples who perceived the stress differently. In addition, women in couples who felt a similar need for parenthood reported significantly higher levels of marital satisfaction when compared to women in couples where the males reported a greater need for parenthood. While couple incongruence was unrelated to depression in males, incongruence over relationship concerns and the need for parenthood was related to female depression. These findings provide initial support for the theory that high levels of agreement between partners related to the stresses they experience help them successfully manage the impact of these stressful life events. Possibilities for future research examining the construct of couple congruence are discussed.

EXAMINING THE CONGRUENCE BETWEEN COUPLES ’ PERCEIVED INFERTILITY-RELATED STRESS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO DEPRESSION AND MARITAL ADJUSTMENT IN INFERTILE MEN AND WOMEN

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