MATERNAL EDUCATION AND NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE IN DETERMINING CHILDREN’S HEALTH STATUS

  • : Ms Word Format
  • : 70 Pages
  • : ₦5,000
  • : 1-5 Chapters
  •  
  • Click to DOWNLOAD Materials

MATERNAL EDUCATION AND NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE IN DETERMINING CHILDREN’S HEALTH STATUS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND

The term ‘health’ is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO 1948, p.1). This chapter presents a summary of nutritional problems at the global, regional level and specifically in the Nepalese context. It provides brief information about the epidemiology of nutritional problems (WHO, 2015). Background information is provided on knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour of mothers of young children in relation to healthy eating which contributes to the prevalence of malnutrition specifically in Nepal. The determinants that may influence maternal knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour of mothers from rural and urban areas are also considered. In the later sections of this thesis, the words ‘undernutrition’ or ‘poor nutrition’ will be understood or referred to as ‘malnutrition’.

Objective and policy to the health improvement, including the before mentioned health improvement supports enhancing health status. One of the factors that determine the level of health and well- being is nutrition. Nutrition is an important factor which plays a role in the human life cycle, especially infants and children who will be our future generation[3] .. As to serve daily food should contain balanced nutrition as needed to support optimal growth, to avoid deficiency diseases, to prevent poisoning, and also to prevent the onset of diseases which might interfere with the survival children Soekirman, (2001) . Nutrition involves in each life cycle, starting in the womb (fetal), infant, child, adult, and elderly. The period of the first two years of life is considered to be a critical period, because growth and development occurs very rapidly during this period. Poor Nutrition during this period can cause malnutrition that creates permanent disorders, which means, it cannot be recovered even if the nutritional needs can be fulfilled Jafar , (2011). Infants or toddlers with malnourishment will have a higher risk of death. Even though they survive, they often have weak physic and low mental development. Poor nutrition is the cause of high infant mortality by 60% deaths of under-five each year. Two-thirds of these deaths were related to improper eating habits that occurs in the first year of age WHO (2003).

1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT

Maternal Nutrition Knowledge is a key focus of Malezi Bora nutrition and health programme although previous studies show that this information was limited. The dietary diversity was low among children particularly with regard to low intake of animal protein source foods which are essential for their growth, development and maintenance. Most mothers were unable to name any Vitamin A rich natural or fortified food sources essential for disease prevention and strengthening of immunity of children. The low nutritional knowledge of mothers is capable of leading to poor nutritional status of their children, translating into low achievement of the programme objectives, that of curbing declining child survival and poor nutritional status of the children.

1.3STUDY JUSTIFICATION

To contribute to the nutrition knowledge of mothers through enhancing nutrition education   by sensitization and mobilization. The purpose of the study was to assess nutritional knowledge and nutritional status of children 6-59 months under the programme. The results of the study would be useful in programme planning strategies, assessment and evaluation to achieve their objectives and to enhance mothers’ nutrition knowledge, improve perception on the importance of immunization and antenatal services. Mothers would better utilise the health facilities that offer routine child survival services, leading to good nutrition of the children, reduce child morbidity and mortality. Vitamin A Supplementation is a very essential child survival service for child growth and protection from frequent infections if received after every six months up to five years of age.

1.4OBJECTIVE

1.4.2 Specific objective

  • To establish the socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the households.
  • To determine the nutritional knowledge of mothers.
  • To determine the nutritional status of the children 6-59 months.
  • To determine the morbidity of children 6-59 months in Ikeja

1.5HYPOTHESES

  1. The mothers possess significant nutrition knowledge to influence positively the nutritional status of children.
  2. The nutritional status of the children 6-59 months is normal.

MATERNAL EDUCATION AND NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE IN DETERMINING CHILDREN’S HEALTH STATUS

Sharing is caring!

Leave a Reply

shares