ASSESSMENT OF ADOLESCENT PERCEPTION OF SEXUALITY AND CONTRACEPTIVE UTILIZATION A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG YOUTHS IN LUGBE ABUJA

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ASSESSMENT OF ADOLESCENT PERCEPTION OF SEXUALITY AND CONTRACEPTIVE UTILIZATION A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG YOUTHS IN LUGBE ABUJA.

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to examine the perception of sexuality and contraceptive utilizationamong youths in Lugbe Abuja. Considerably, there are many authors, researchers, scholars and research centers that have carried out research on Determinants of contraceptives utilization among adolescents but not in the study area. Contraceptive Utilization is a wide issue and the major concern in most of the discussion on Contraceptive Utilization draws heavily from the fact that Contraceptive Utilization constitutes acultural as well as religious taboo in most societies despite its medical importance.  Contraceptive Utilization is accepted and also rejected by different societies and people indulge in Contraceptive Utilization for a lot of reasons. some indulge in Contraceptive Utilization because of the fear of having a child outside wedlock while others indulge in Contraceptive Utilization to avoid be labelled by the society as “loose”. The cross-sectional survey is the one adopted in this study and the sample size of this study is one hundred and seventy (170) possible respondents who were male and female adolescents from Lugbe, Abuja. The questionnaire was used for the collection of primary data. This study is divided into five (5) chapters, the first chapter is the introduction, the second chapter is the literature review, the third chapter is the methodology, the fourth chapter is the data presentation and data analysis and the fifth chapter is the summary, conclusion and recommendation. This study is beneficial to all categories of women, young girls and the society at large. This study also identifies how Contraceptive Utilization affects the society at large.

 

ASSESSMENT OF ADOLESCENT PERCEPTION OF SEXUALITY AND CONTRACEPTIVE UTILIZATION A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG YOUTHS IN LUGBE ABUJA

 

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Sexuality and contraceptives is an increasing topic in this 21st century around the world due to the adverse effects of unsafe sexual behaviors, such as unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases among the adolescents as well as adults. Teaching adolescents about birth control may not be consistent with promoting abstinence. However, most adolescents are sexually active and have high tendency to engage in early sexual activities despite having knowledge of abstinence.

The World Health Organization (WHO, 2018) defines adolescents as individuals in the 10-19years age group. Adolescence is the transitional period from childhood to adulthood and it is a period of life with specific health and developmental needs and rights. It is also a time to develop knowledge and skills, learn to manage emotions and relationships and acquire attributes and abilities that will be important for enjoying years and assuming adult roles (WHO, 2014).  Adolescence is the period of physical, psychological and emotional development triggered by a cascade of endocrine changes that lead to sexual maturation and reproductive maturity (WHO, 2018).

There are nearly 1.2 billion adolescents (10-19 years old) worldwide and in some countries, adolescents make up as much as a quarter of the population and the number of adolescents is expected to rise through 2050, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where close to 90% of 10- to 19-year-olds live (WHO, 2019). According to the WHO (2017) report, in many countries especially Latin America and Africa, sexual activity begins in early adolescence, before 15 years old for girls and boys tend to start earlier. Early initiation of sexual activities associated with negative outcomes such as risky sexual behaviors that heighten the likelihood of unintended pregnancies or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) including HIV (WHO, 2017).

Even though adolescents start sexual activities at the tender age, contraception prevalence among them is very low as revealed by Guttmacher Institute and International Planned Parenthood (2015), the World Health Organization (WHO, 2017) revealed there is limited data on world contraception usage for unmarried adolescents because of cultural and religious beliefs. However, as low as 10 percent is the available data for sexually active girls age 15-19 that use modern contraception as a result, there is a lot of unmet needs and this result to more than 6 million unintended pregnancies annually in developing countries and often end in unsafe abortion.

In Nigeria, unlike in some developed and developing countries where Several Married adolescent women are especially unable to negotiate sex or condom use with their husbands who may have extramarital partners, such that most young adolescent women are several times more inclined than young adolescent men to contract the HIV/AIDS disease through heterosexual link.

As a result this study intends to examine adolescents’ perception of sexuality and contraceptive utilization among youths in Lugbe Abuja.  It is hope that the findings in this study will provide basis for development of reproductive health of the young females in to the country.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In the Nigerian society, traditional norms control adolescent people’s sexuality and it is very rare to have an open conversation on sex. This is gradually changing today as more adolescents now exercise control over their lives and make more independent decisions about their sexuality. Hence,  this study intends to investigate adolescents’ perception of sexuality and contraceptive utilization among youths in Lugbe Abuja.

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

This study will seek answers to questions such as:

  1. What is the level of Contraceptive  Utilization  among adolescents in Nigeria ?
  2. What are the factors that influence adolescents to get involved in Contraceptive Utilization ?
  3. How can Contraceptive Utilization  affect the society at large?

 

1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The main objective of this study is to examine adolescents’ perception of sexuality and contraceptive utilization among youths in Lugbe Abuja.

The specific objectives of the study are as follows:

  1. To assess the level of contraceptive utilization among adolescents in Nigeria
  2. To examine those factors that influence female adolescents to get involved in Contraceptive Utilization .
  • To determine how Contraceptive Utilization  affect the society at large.

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study has both theoretical and practical significance.

THEORETICAL SIGNIFICANCE

This study should assist the society and policy makers to be able to make out polices that will help address the issue of Contraceptive  Utilization  in the society.   Seminars, exhortations, e.t.c should be organized in other to help solve the situation.

PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE

The study is therefore significant because it will be beneficial to all categories of men and women,  young boys and girls and the society at large. This is because the understanding of the causes of Contraceptive  Utilization  will enable society and policy makers look for means to address and reduce the menace resulting  from sexually transmitted diseases  and other negative effects of heterogeneous sexually active adults not using contraceptives

Finally, this study will serve as additional research  in this  field of study.

ASSESSMENT OF ADOLESCENT PERCEPTION OF SEXUALITY AND CONTRACEPTIVE UTILIZATION A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG YOUTHS IN LUGBE ABUJA

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