Career opportunities for adult education graduates in enugu state nigeria.

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This study aims at identifying the career opportunities open to adult education graduates in EnuguState.

As a guide to the study, some research question is posed based on the following.  Identifying people’s awareness of these adult education graduates and their job potentials.

Whether they are embracing this new programme in the field of learning with enthusiasm.  And if they are aware of job opportunities available for them.  Whether the employers of labour are also aware of these people content in this regard.

Questionnaires items are used to obtain data from four groups of people, who are: employers of labour, adult educators, adult education undergraduates and adult education graduates.

The data collected are analyzed using chi-square statistical formula to analyze them.

The following among other things are:-

1.   The graduates (adults) are not aware of their job potentials and even where they can find such job other than teaching.

2.   People are aware of these people’s potentials including the employers of labour.

3.   That people embraces the programme with enthusiasm.

Based on the above findings the following recommendations were made:

That NUCAE should be involved in creating awareness to people and the employers.

There should be oneness in teaching sector to avoid non-indigene syndrome.

Companies should send their staff for further training to take jobs that are storage to them.

There should be constant review of teaching style in these instructions to match the even increasing change of today’s affairs.  And many others.



Title page





Table of contents


1.1       Introduction

1.2       Background of the study

1.3       Statement of the study

1.4       Purpose of the study

1.5       Scope of the study

1.6       Research questions

1.7       Research hypothesis

1.8       Significance of the study

1.9       Definition of terms



2.0       Literature review

2.1    Adult and adult education

2.2       Career guidance/education

2.3       Career within an organization

2.4       Career dilemma and career plateau

2.5       Adult literacy and career motive



3.0       Research design and methodology

3.1    Research design

3.2    Area of the study

3.3    Population of the study

3.4    Sample and sampling procedure technique

3.5    Instrument of data collection

3.6    Validation of the instrument

3.7    Reliability of data study

3.8    Method of data collection

3.9    Method of data analysis


4.0    Data presentation and analysis

4.1       Presentation and analysis of data

4.2       Testing of hypothesis

4.3       Summary and results



5.0    Discussion, recommendation and conclusion

5.1       Discussion and result/findings

5.2       Implication of the research findings

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

5.5       Suggestion for further research






Education as a hallmark in this writing has to be originally talked about before conceptual purpose with which the researcher wants to write about Education.

Education in the broad science means more than intellectual aspect of it.  A.B Fafunwa (1991) knowledgeable states that in the beginning of the world, Adam saw the animals first before he named them therefore, no study of history of education particularly in Africa is complete without adequate knowledge of the traditional or indigenous educational system prevalent in Africa before the important religion which have influenced Nigeria education in no small measure are of recent development compared with the indigenous system of education which is as old as man himself in Africa. Adult education graduates

Dr P. Eya (1993) on the same note said that, every society, simple or complex has it’s own system for training and educating it’s youth, and education for the good life has been one of the most persistent concerns of men.

Based on this acceleration, the period between 1976-1980 witnessed an unprecedented growth at the level of education – primary, secondary and tertiary institutions in Nigeria, which in the same vein witnessed the emergency of adult education in this different learning sector. Adult education graduates

Adult education is such a relatively new field of social practices that is still in the process of forming new identity.  Adult education describes the process of adult learning in its broadest sense.  It encompasses practically all experiences of matured men and women by which they acquire new knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes, interests of values.  It is a process used by adults on their self development, both alone and with others which is also used by institutions of all kinds for the growth and development of their employees, members and clients.

Adult education when compared with other discipline within the field of education has just emerged unlike older disciplines which have enjoyed systematic research and training.

This exercise is tackled individually based on orientation, environment, motives, privileges etc.  It could even occur as restraining in an organization or even for some other motives irrespectively.

Adult education is also a concept.  The acquisition of reading and writing skills which are to be applied for the development of the community.  Adult education is concerned with social welfare of agricultural extension and community development.  Adult education can be seen to contribute immensely to the growth and development of a society.  It is a lucrative profession that extends in many directions and not only in teaching profession, hence listing of job potentialities of adult educators. Adult education graduates

Based on the above knowledge of adult education worldwide which is newly spreading up like a wide fire, the state is not left out in this educational exuberance, it is on this that in the year 1973 emerged the ABC university of the air with a view to be co-operating with the Institute of Management and Technology Enugu and University of Nigeria Nsukka Programme respectively.  The name is popularly known as School of Staff Development and Distance Education (SDDE) UNIAIR.  Then, it has time table and courses for the students. Adult education graduates


The UNIAIR, in other words, Staff Development and Distance Education (SDDE) of adult education unit of Institution of Management and Technology (IMT) Enugu, and being the unit on an integral point considered among others in Enugu Metropolis for the purpose of the writing.

This sector of the discipline started in 1978, (SDDE IMT) in conjunction with University Nigeria Nsukka with a view to have combined programme.  Their aim is to achieve the following objectives:-

1.           To include academic, political, scientific, social religion and economic knowledge in students in particular and the public in general.

2.           To create a general desire for knowledge

3.           To aid teachers in schools

4.           To supplement the work of teachers in the class

5.            To create an awareness of acceptable life goals and values

6.           To provide extra opportunity for learning

7.           To explain National Educational policies to people who might benefit from them.

8.           To provide a form of education for educational planners to know what people think about their plans.

However, it was in paramount effort to achieve the sixth objectives above that then Anambra Broadcasting Corporation Institute as (SDDE) department. Adult education graduates

The school has presently the following ND/OND certificate to offer with lecturers in the diverse course in the department.

1.           ND/HND Uru Mr Business Administration and Management (BAM)

2.           ND/HND UNIAIR Accountancy

3.           ND/HND UNIAIR Secretarial Administration

4.           ND Man Power Development

5.           ND UNIAIR Mass Communication

They also other the same number of courses with their counterparts in the full time programme in the above listed certificate programme.

The school has risen the inception, turns out barges of graduates.  All these departments are under the school of continuing education IMT Enugu which adult literacy was the conceptual aim with which it was established.

This acceleration period of 1976-1980 unprecedented growth in education of both junior and adult education, included the school of continuing education SDDE, UNIAIR Programme in IMT etc.  This growth is witnessed by other institutions of higher learning who indulge in the same adult education programme exercise OKO Polytechnic, UNN, Esut, etc are all in the game.

See: Diagram of Departmental Heads


HOD SDDE                                               PRELIM              HOD Part-time

  BAM           Accountancy                                             Accountancy

Extra Moral         Evening programmes


Sec. Administration

Mass                                                Manpower                              Basic studies

Comm.                                    Development



In the recent past, the Federal Government of Nigeria launched education for all by the year 2000.  To this gesture, Adult education exercise prompted up in many institutions of higher learning in Nigeria but the main aim with which this was launched, is still lingering.  These adult education graduation graduates who are opportune to gain from they still find it difficult to make career opportunities in the fields. Adult education graduates

They, in most cases do not even know on identify the possible employment opportunity options available to them other than teaching career.  These graduates also complained that the employers are ignorant of the purpose and content of the adult education programme, thereby refusing to employ them in other jobs they are qualified for.

This overwhelming ignorance which embrace the whole aspect of the sector of education is also due to lack of efficient and effective guiding principle by the adult educators who in their own ignorance do not know even how to start to blend the education of adult and the subsequent awareness to the masses so that the participants in the programme and employers themselves will be well aware of these people’s ability in handling jobs and to avoid reluctance in participation by these adults. Adult education graduates

In the light of the above facts, this study is designed to investigate career opportunities available to the adult education graduates in EnuguState.


The aim and objectives of this study is particularly to achieve the following.

1.           Identify the various job opportunities open to adult education graduates in the state.

2.           To determine the extent to which these graduates have secured jobs in the areas of their training and how well they trained.

3.            To determine the extent to which the employers of labour know the purpose and programme content of adult education. Adult education graduates


The study is limited to EnuguState and covers institute of management and technology school of continuing education, SDDE department.  This is so because of the relative nearness of the programme in the educational sphere, financial hindrances to go to many places in search of relevant data to agree with the little gotten from the available texts.  Again the people’s indifference and strife to react positively when asked certain questions.

It was on this note that the researchers made this with the little at my disposal and therefore limit the study to the above mentioned departments. Adult education graduates


1.           What are the employment opportunities available to these graduates and their awareness?

2.           How are these adults embracing this programme in other to make career in these training?

3.           What is the rate of awareness of the quality of these people, created to employers of labour by the adult educators?

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