Niger Delta Crises And National Security In Nigeria: Appraisal Of The Amnesty Programme

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Niger Delta Crises And National Security In Nigeria: Appraisal Of The Amnesty Programme

Amnesty Programme
Abstract 
The Niger Delta – the geographical heart of oil production in Nigeria has been a breeding ground for militants for some years now. This is because the discovery of oil and its exploitation has ushered in a miserable, undisciplined, decrepit, and corrupt form of ‘petro-capitalism’ which produces conflict accelerating factors. Devastated by the ecological costs of oil spillage and underdevelopment, the Niger Delta has become a centre of violence. In an attempt to solve the Niger Delta crises, the Federal Government recently introduced the policy of amnesty to militants as the solution to the Niger Delta Crises.
The study assessed the Amnesty Programme which is basically a Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) to the Niger Delta militants and effect on national security. Utilizing the theory of the post-colonial state, the study argued that the amnesty programme to the Niger Delta militants was basically oriented towards enhancing the security situation in the Niger Delta region for the purpose of increasing crude oil production.
Employing qualitative method and relying on secondary sources, relevant data were generated and analyzed using qualitative descriptive method. The study therefore contended that there was nexus between the Amnesty Programme to the Niger Delta militants and increased in crude oil production in Nigeria. Arising from these therefore, it is our recommendation that the federal government should urgently and comprehensively tackle the underlying economic and social problems of the Niger Delta region so as to prevent a relapse into crises.
TABLE OF CONTENTS 
Title page
Approval page
Dedication
Acknowledgments
Table of contents
List of Tables
List of Figure
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE 
Introduction
Statement of the problem
Objectives of the study
Significance of the study
CHAPTER TWO
Literature review
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY 
Theoretical Framework
Hypotheses
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Research design
Validity and reliability of data


CHAPTER FOUR: DISARMAMENT OF MILITANTS AND CRUDE OIL 
PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA  
The Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
Niger Delta People and their Environment
State’s Response
Disarmament of Niger Delta Militants
Disarmament of Militants and Crude Oil Production in Nigeria
CHAPTER FIVE: DEMOBILIZATION OF MILITANTS AND KIDNAPPING IN THE 
NIGER DELTA 
Genesis of Armed Militants in Niger Delta
Structures of Injustice and Militancy in the Niger Delta
Kidnapping
Kidnapping in the Niger Delta
Demobilization of the Militants
Demobilization
The Demobilisation Programme at the Obubra camp
Post Demobilization of Militants in Niger Delta
CHAPTER SIX: REINTEGRATION OF THE MILITANTS AND OIL PIPELINE 
VANDALISM 
Oil and the Nigerian state
Oil industry operations in Niger Delta
Oil pipeline vandalization
Historical factors leading to vandalization
Actors
Reintegration of the militants
Post reintegration Niger Delta
CHAPTER SEVEN: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 
Summary
Conclusions
Recommendations
Bibliography

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